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How I/O controller works for an Operating System?

+2 votes
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Can someone please put some light on this topic ?

posted Oct 14, 2013 by Ganesh Kumar

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1 Answer

+1 vote

I/O processing can be either:
– Memory-mapped
The I/O registers in the device controllers form part of regular address space, and are read and written
using normal LOAD and STORE-type instructions
– Non-memory-mapped
Special instructions (e.g. IN OUT) are used to read and write I/O registers

In various combinations with the above there are four different I/O schemes in general use:
– Programmed I/O with busy waiting
– Interrupt-driven I/O
– DMA I/O
– I/O using data Channels

Interrupt-driven I/O is most common method used for more detail please look at I/O and Interrupts

answer Oct 14, 2013 by Salil Agrawal
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