# Catastrophic events caused by small perturbations in nature.

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Which famous theory can be characterized by the following rhetorical question: Can the flapping of a butterfly's wings in Brazil cause a tornado in Texas.

posted Sep 25, 2016

+1 vote

It's called the Butterfly effect. A small change of a variable in a complex system can possibly make a lot of impact with time.

Yes, you are correct.  But to get full credit you must provide the name of the theory.

Hint: out of order comes chaos and out of chaos comes order.  The ______ Theory is another good example of how everything, even the Universe itself, travels in waves.
The Butterfly effect stems from chaos theory. An excellent example where it would be used in is explaining the behavior of chaos pendulum which is a pendulum with 2 rotating joints or more. Depending on a variety of initial conditions the pendulum might act quite differently even with a small variation of the initial conditions.
Yes, I agree.  Another example is the stock/commodities market. This is where the Law of Large Numbers over time tends to smooth out these chaotic random price fluctuations.  In other words: diversity, quantity, and time will favor the best rate of return and minimize risk.

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+1 vote

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A parachutist drops freely from an aeroplane for 10 seconds before the parachute opens out.
Then he descends with a net retardation of 2.5 m/s2 and strikes the ground with a velocity 5 m/s.
Find the height in metres from which he bails out of the plane?
( Take g = 10 m/s )