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Amazing Facts About National Security Guards (NSG)

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The National Security Guard (NSG) is an Indian special forces unit under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). It was raised in 1984, following Operation Blue Star and the assassination of Indira Gandhi, "for combating terrorist activities with a view to protect states against internal disturbances".

1. The NSG is actually modelled on Germany's GSG 9 (Grenzschutzgruppe 9 or "Border Guard Group 9"). The GSG 9 is one of the world's most elite counter-terrorist faction. In the words of a former member of the German infantry: "GSG-9 got created and founded for one specific reason: counter-terrorism.

2. NSG commandos are divided into two groups - the Special Action Group (SAG) and the Special Rangers Group (SRG).

3. The NSG comprises of a total personnel strength of 14,500. 

4. The NSG personnel are often referred to in the media as Black Cats because of the black dress and black cat insignia worn on their uniform.

5. The rudimentary training period at the organization's training center lasts for 90 days. Only those who successfully complete the entire course are inducted into the NSG and undergo nine months of advanced training. 

6. Once that is done, the next stepping stone is the probationary period, where about 50-70% of the recruits drop out, owing to tough competition.

7. The NSG Commandos are trained to only take head shots.... and two at one go. The double-tap system ensures proper neutralisation of the target.

8. They are also put through a battle inoculation program where they do something that's a little difficult to fathom. They have to stand right next to the target while one of their partners shoots at it.

9. That's not it, they don't even wear the kavach, or the bullet-proof vest, during this drill. They are forced to be that precise when it comes to shooting the target.

10. In order for a person to remain in the force, the target striking rate has to be not less than 85%.

11. Some of the ones from this elite faction also head to Israel for further training.

posted Apr 18, 2016 by Ati Kumar

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Facts About Indian Army

1. Foundation
The Indian Army was formed in 1776, under the government of the East India Company in Kolkata which is largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. The President of India serves as Commander-in-Chief of the army while the de facto leadership lies with Minister of Defence, and it is commanded by the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), who is a four-star general.

Indian Army

2. Size of Indian Army
The Indian Army has about 53 cantonments and 9 army bases, spread across India. It has about 1,129,900 active personnel and 960,000 reserve personnel. Another fact about the Indian Army is the biggest voluntary army in the world.

3. Best in Jungle Warfare
Soldiers of the Indian Army are considered among the best in jungle warfare. The Counter-insurgency and Jungle Warfare School is often visited by forces from the US, the UK, and Russia among others.

4. Fight at the Highest battlefield
The Siachen Glacier, 5000 metres above sea level, is the highest battlefield in the world. And the Indian Army controls it.
Siachen Glacier

5. Biggest Contributor to Peace Making
The Indian Army is one of the biggest troop contributors to the United Nations peace making operations.
Indian Army

6. Constructed and Manages Highest bridge in the world
Indian Army has constructed Baily Bridge in 1982 which is the highest bridge in the world, located in the Ladakh valley between the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayas.
Baily Bridge

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Sri Venkateswara Swamy Temple is a landmark Vaishnavite temple situated in the hill town of Tirumala at Tirupati in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh, India. The Temple is dedicated to Lord Sri Venkateswara, an incarnation of Vishnu, who is believed to have appeared here to save mankind from trials and troubles of Kali Yuga. Hence the place has also got the name Kaliyuga Vaikuntham and Lord here is referred to as Kaliyuga Prathyaksha Daivam. The temple is also known by other names like Tirumala Temple, Tirupati Temple, Tirupati Balaji Temple. Lord Venkateswara is known by many other names: Balaji, Govinda, and Srinivasa.

 

1) This temple holds immense significance for people belonging to Hinduism. According to Hinduism, there is a total of 8 Vishnu Swayambhu Kshetras and the Tirupati Balaji temple is one of them.

 

2) It is the richest temple in the world in terms of donations received and wealth. The temple is visited by about 50,000 to 100,000 pilgrims daily (30 to 40 million people annually on average), while on special occasions and festivals, like the annual Brahmotsavam, the number of pilgrims shoots up to 500,000, making it the most-visited holy place in the world.

 

3) The view of Tirumala hills from down in Tirupati.

 

4) The world-famous "Tirupati Laddu" is given at Tirumala Temple as prasadam. Tirupati Laddu had got Geographical indication tag which entitles only Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams to make or sell it.

 

5) Oil lamps are used in worshipping Lord Balaji. These oil lamps are placed in front of the idol of the lord. The amazing thing is that these lamps never get put off. No one knows the time when these lamps were lit up for the first time.

 

6) All Gods are worshipped by flowers and at the Tirupati Balaji Temple, these flowers come from a secret village which is never seen and discovered by any outsider and even they are not allowed to get into that secret village. The villagers are the only people who are allowed to that village which is 22 km away from the temple. Not only flowers, other items like ghee, butter, milk, bilva leaves, banana leaves are also provided by that secret village.

 

7) Lord Balaji statue has real hair, it is said and believed that Lord Balaji idol has real hair which never tangles and are super silky smooth always.

 

8) Lord Balaji’s idol has a specific temperature always maintaining 110 degrees F. But the temple is situated at a height of about 3000 feet which means the climate is normally cold up there and every morning at 4:30 am after the Abhishekam Lord Venkateswara Swamy is done with water, milk as well as other holy and divine dravayam, sweat appears in the form of fine water drops and particles on the idol or Lord Balaji’s body which is also wiped off with a silk fabric cloth. 

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1. At the height of over 3,000 feet above sea level, Bangalore is situated even above Dehradun. No wonder the city enjoys pleasant climate throughout the year.

 

2. Bangalore became one of the first cities in India to have electricity from hydro power, powered by the hydroelectric plant situated in Shivanasamudra in 1906.

 

3. It has highest percentage of engineers in the world, with more than a million IT professionals making the city their home. Bangalore has the highest number of software companies in India. It is called the Silicon Valley of India.

 

4. Apart from more than 1000 species of flora and fauna. The Lal Bagh Rock, one of the oldest rock formations on earth, dating back to 3,000 million years and many trees that are more than a century old.

 

5. Since being founded in the 2nd century, Bangalore has maintained the drainage & sanitary systems infrastructure that was fitted then. This makes it the oldest drainage infrastructure in the world.

 

6. It is so far considered one of the cleanest cities in India. It was the only city previously in the world to have commercial and defense airports operating from the same strip.

 

7. Bangalore was known as Bengalval –Uru meaning ‘City of guards’.

 

8. 40% of Bangalore’s landscape is gardens/ parks and 15% lakes/ ponds. It also has one of the highest per capita incomes in India.

 

9. Though it is widely assumed that Kempe Gowda was the founder of Bangalore city, records found in Begur referring to the city from 890 CE shows it has much older history.

 

10. Bangalore has produced the maximum number of scientists considered for Nobel Prize nominations from India. Sir CV Raman was associated with IISC Bangalore in 1930 and won the Nobel Prize in Physics. Sir William Ramsey, who was associated with the creation of the Indian Institute of Science, was also related with Bangalore.

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Mahabharata is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of Hindu mythology, the other being the Ramayana. Mahabharata is considered as the powerhouse that contains all the learning about the life. Mahabharata is an epic portrayal of the Kurukshetra War which was battled between the Kauravas and the Pandavas. Mahabharata is an endless fortune place of the considerable number of actualities and learning and it is unrealistic for anybody to know everything about this heavenly content. A number of the truths that are either passed up a great opportunity or are as yet obscure to individuals.

One of the most followed and respected religious text “Bhagwat Geeta” is a part of Mahabharata. Mahabharata was composed by Ved Vyaas. The Mahabharata is the longest known content at any point composed and has been portrayed as "the longest sonnet at any point composed". Its longest form comprises of more than 100,000 shlokas or more than 200,000 individual verse lines. Today we will educate you regarding insider facts and astounding actualities of Mahabharata.

Let’s have a look at 10 amazing facts about this holy text “Mahabharata”

1. Sahadev, one of the sibling of Pandavas knew everything about the future and the war. Yet, he couldn't tell anybody regarding this as he was reviled to kick the bucket on the off chance that he uncovered anything. So he kept his silent and didn't enlighten his own brothers concerning the war.

2. Bhishma Pitamah was an incredible astuteness he realized that Shikhandi was a ladies in his past life and his name was amba.

3. There was an awesome competition between the Pandavas and Kauravas, and Shri Krishna was in favor of Pandavas, and Duryodhan was a kaurava. But, Bhanumati (Duryodhan's wife) was a devotee of Lord Krishna.

4. Balarama had initially wanted to wed his sister Subhadra to Duryodhan. But Subhadra needed to wed Arjun so she fled with him.

5. Arjuna's son Abhimanyu was really the spirit of a daitya(demon) named Kalyavana. Krishna burned Kalyavana to death had caught his spirit and took him to Dwaraka just to stuff him into a cupboard.

6. Ekalavya was really the cousin of Krishna. He was the child of Devashrava who was the sibling of Vasudev. He got lost in the forest and was found by a Nishada Hiranyadhanu. Ekalavya passed on while battling with Yadav vansh. He was killed by Krishna.

7. Yudhistir had another spouse whose name was Devika. She was the daughter of Govasana of the tribe of Saivya. Her child was Yaudheya.

8. Dhritarashtra and Gandhari retired to the forest 15 years after Yudhisthir's delegated. The fundamental purpose behind this was the ceaseless insulting by Bhim, which hurt and discouraged them.

9. Draupadi laughed at Bhishma when he was on the bed of arrows in his last moments while he was giving them knowledge he had.

10. Krishna rode a chariot that was exceptionally strong and when Arjun was finished with the war, Krishna requesting that he get off the chariot first and after that he got off. When he got off, the chariot exploded in a huge fireball. That is the point at which he disclosed to Arjun why he requesting that he get off the chariot first.

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  • India has the largest democratic government in the world, with 29 states, 29 chief festivals, 22 main languages and 1600 dialects.
  • The Indian army just celebrated its 65th birthday. It is the second largest army in the world, having the largest voluntary, democratic and multicultural body, free from political interferences, and has fought against the maximum number of world enemies. It has won more than 62 awards for valor, fought in the most hazardous conditions, been a part of UN peacekeeping forces, helped the UN by contributing over 8000 troops, helped its countrymen during plague and distress, and has been a champion in many difficult sports competitions.
  • 2 lakh office workers receive tiffin lunch in Mumbai at the measly rate of Rs 600/month from 5000 people, with an efficiency rate of 99.9%.
  • India’s Amul produces over seventy million tones of milk every year.
  • Hero Cycles produces six million cycles a year thus making it the largest manufacturers of cycles in the world.
  • The Indian railway is the largest in the world with 115,000 kms of tracks, 10000 daily trains, , 1.4 million employees. It carries over 24 million passengers a day! It sure is sturdy and reliable.
  • What about our famous Bollywood movies? They provide food and shelter to 7.2 million people and gross Rs 6000 crore a year in about 300 films. Bollywood produces more films a year than Hollywood.
  • What about studies? Did you know that it is more difficult to get admission into IIM Ahmedabad than the Ivy Leagues of USA?
  • The Indian curry (from the Tamil word kari) is the most famous in the world. Whenever Indian food is mentioned, the word curry is always present. There are a plethora of curries and they are available in every corner of the world. Curry reduces cancer and heart diseases.
  • Indian food has its roots tracing back from 3000 B.C with the Indus Valley population. The Basmati rice (from the Sanskrit word fragrant) is produced in large amounts (seven million tonnes a year) and India is the world’s biggest manufacturer of rice.
  • There are also some weird foods like black rice which turns purple on cooking, sorpotel (made from discarded parts of any animal), baby shark curry and nahkham (ashes and dried fish).
  • The Tirumala Devasthanam Hindu temple earns Rs 500 crore/year and attracts 45000 devotees/day!
  • The Nehru jacket with its detailed cut and finishes and the mandarin collar is an inspiration to suits all over the world.
  • The Indian sari is traditional attire that only belongs to this country and is considered a brand for Indian wear worldwide. It is an art to wrap the sari like a circle around the body and create elegant folds.
  • Mukesh Ambani (one of the richest person in the world) has a 800,000 square feet house that has 27 floors and cost over one billion dollars to construct.
  • India uses simple methods. The Angadia couriers have 5000 employees carrying priceless diamonds in simple packs and transporting them all over India. The Lijjat papad company started on Rs 80 and with seven women making papads on a terrace. Its sales touched Rs 300 crore and this company provides jobs to 40000 people.
  • India still believes in using the digit 0 before dialing any STD code!
  • The Indian voting count is the largest in the world, amounting to over 550 million votes cast in 2014.

Source from Internet http://mocomi.com/facts-about-india/

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Chittorgarh is located on the banks of Gambhiri and Berach River. A repository of folklore, historical events and rich cultural heritage, Chittorgarh draws thousands of backpackers and historical travelers every year. The Chittorgarh fort is a proud monument that is proof of the heroic battles fought by warriors like Maharana Pratap, Gara and Kumbha. The whole town is dipped in historical splendor with beautiful monuments surrounding you everywhere you go. The Vijaystambha, Kirtistambha, Padmini’s palace and Bassi fort are some of the other historical places in India that speak volumes about the Mauryan dynasty and its subsequent successors.

Let's take a look at 10 Interesting and unknown facts about India's famous historical place Chittorgarh:

1. During the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee in the year 2013, the Fort of Chittorgarh alongside the 5 other forts in Rajasthan has professed a UNESCO World Heritage Site under Hill forts of Rajasthan.

2. The Chittorgarh Fort was built during the 7th century AD by the Mauryans and was named after the Mauryan ruler Chitrangada Mori, and was used until 1568.

3. When men lost charging their enemy across the fort walls and lost the battles. Women being brave to have committed mass self-immolation (Jauhar). This makes the fort to signify the tribute, courage, and sacrifice. During 7th and 16th centuries considered death as a pride rather than being surrendered under the invading troops.

4. Earlier the fort consisted of 84 water bodies but now it is decreased to 22. These could have the capacity of 4 billion liters of water. That is equal to the water needs of 50,000 army men. The water bodies include of ponds, wells, and such resources.

5. There are seven gateways in the fort which was built during 1433-1468 by Rana Kumbha. The names of the gates include that of the Paidal Pol, Bhairon Pol, Hanuman Pol, Ganesh Pol, Jorla Pol, Laxman Pol, and Ram Pol, the final and main gate.

6. Rani Padmini was one of the prominent queens of those times. She was the wife of king Rawal Ratan Singh, the Rajput ruler of Chittor.

7. To commemorate the victory of Sultan of Malwa; Mahmud Shah I Khlaji in 1440 AD, the tower of victory named Vijay Stambha or Jaya Stambha was raised by Rana Khumbha. This is an expression of victory triumph- also called the symbol of Chittor.

8. When viewed from the higher view, the fort is shaped like a fish.  It has a boundary of 13 km with a determined length of 5 km and it covers an area of 700 acres.

9. The fort of Chittorgarh contains a total of 65 notable buildings, including 4 memorials, 4 palaces, and 19 temples.

10. Having dimensions of 37.2 meters high and 47 square feet area, and has a perimeter of 13 km (8 miles), and is situated on an 180-meter high hill.

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Vijay Shekhar Sharma is an entrepreneur and founder of Paytm. Paytm is an Indian electronic payment and e-commerce company. The name is an acronym for "Pay Through Mobile." The company employs over 13,000 employees as of January 2017 and has 3 million offline merchants across India.

Vijay Shekhar Sharma comes from a lower middle class family. His father was a school teacher and his mother a home-maker. He has two elder sisters and a younger brother.

 

In 1997, while in college, He had started the website indiasite.net and sold it two years later for $1 million.

In 2005, Vijay Shekhar Sharma started One97 Communications which offered mobile content like news, cricket scores, ringtones, jokes and exam results. One97 is the parent company of Paytm, which was launched in 2010

While attempting to set up One97, Vijay once ended up with a loan of Rs. 8 lakhs. A tremendous sum for a middle class man back in the days, he had taken the principal amount at 24% interest, which got him into an endless loop of unpayable sum.

Vijay Sharma got the inspiration to build Paytm during a visit to China, when he saw vegetable vendors using their mobile phones to receive payments from some customers. This led to him establishing Paytm wallet in 2013.

In 2015, Chinese businessman Jack Ma, owner of Alibaba Group, bought a $500 million stake in Paytm. Ma is estimated to hold 30 to 40 percent of Paytm. Alibaba now reportedly provides assistance to Paytmin order to improve fraud detection and fulfillment systems, among other things.

In 2017, Vijay Shekhar Sharma was featured in the World Billionaire's List by Forbes. He acquired the 1567th rank becoming India's youngest man to be featured on the list.

India Today magazine ranked him #18th in India's 50 Most powerful people of 2017 list.

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