Indian inventions and discoveries have been instrumental in shaping the face of the current modern world. In fact, the origins of many of the modern products can be traced back to ancient Indus Valley Civilization. Here we list down the eight things that you might not know were invented in India.
1. Snakes and Ladders
The game, Snakes & Ladders, was invented in India as a game of morals. Later it spread to England and eventually introduced in the USA by game pioneer Milton Bradley in 1943.
The word ‘Shampoo’ is derived from chāmpo (चाँपो). It was initially used as a head massage oil for the Nawabs of Bengal during the Mughal Empire around 1762. It evolved into shampoo over the years.
3. Fibonacci Numbers
The Fibonacci numbers were first described by Virahanka, Gopala and Hemachandra as an outgrowth of earlier writings by Pingala.
4. Water on Moon
ISRO’s Chandrayaan-1 made the startling discovery that our moon is not a dry ball of rocks. The discovery of lunar water is attributed to the Chandrayaan mission.
5. Binary Code
Binary numbers were first described by Pingala (c. 200 BC). Pingala is the traditional name of the author of the Chandaḥśāstra, the earliest known Sanskrit treatise on prosody.
The origins of buttons can be traced back to the ancient Indian Valley Civilization. Back then, they were used for ornamental purpose.
Chess, the strategy board game was an Indian invention. It was invented during the Gupta dynasty in the 6th century.
8. Cotton Spinning
The credit of clothing the world, goes to India. Evidences of cotton spinning by the Indus Valley Civilization were found by the historians.
9. Diamond Mining
Worldwide, India was the only source of diamonds until the discovery of mines in Brazil in the 18th century. Almost 5000 years ago, diamonds were first recognized and mined in central India.
10. Flush Toilets
Flush toilets were first used in the Indus Valley Civilization. These existed in most homes and were connected to a sophisticated sewage mechanism. The civilization was prominent in hydraulic engineering.
Rulers made of ivory were found by the historians during the study of Indus Valley Civilization. This proves that rulers were used by the people of ancient India
This one you probably knew. Aryabhatta of ancient India is to be credited for inventing zero. Although there was no exclusive symbol dedicated to this number, the presence of zero was very visible in his work.