top button
Flag Notify
    Connect to us
      Facebook Login
      Site Registration Why to Join

Facebook Login
Site Registration

Did You Know These Astonishing Facts About Famous Logos?

+1 vote
78 views

We always associate brands with logos, just one look at the brand logo and we know which brand it is. But, many of us don’t really know much about the meaning of these logos? I mean, we may be well acquainted with the logos but not the astonishing facts related to it.

I’m sure you don’t know the astonishing facts related to these famous logos!

1. The Wikipedia logo.

We all know how the Wikipedia symbol looks like, but did you know the hidden meaning behind the logo? The puzzles pieces indicate the different languages that Wikipedia is available in and the missing pieces indicate that the information is being updated every day.



2. Pepsi Logo.

The logo may look really simple but costs a whopping $1 million, owing to the golden ratio of colors that pleases the human eyes the most.



3. The Starbucks Logo.

Original Starbucks logo had a mermaid holding her two tail fins, she was Goddess Melusine, who married a mortal man. The recent logo, however, is a censored version of the original one.



4. Nike logo.

The founder of Nike wasn’t at all satisfied with the logo that his student Carolyn Davidson had designed. He had paid him just $35 for it. But, it soon became one of the most recognized logos in the world.



5. The Pinterest Logo.

We are all too familiar with this logo, aren’t we? Well, at first glance though it looks just a word, but if you look closely you’ll notice a pin in the letter “P”, you can literally pin the pictures to your wall!



6. Uber Logo.

The new Uber logo has changed its logo from U to something that resembles an atom, indicating that their cars can be found anywhere.



7. The BMW logo.

People thought it to be resembling an airplane propeller, but these speculations were cleared when the owner in an interviewed that the logo, in fact, is inspired by the colors of the flag of Bavaria.



8. Lacoste logo.

This has quite the backstory, Rene Lacoste, the famous tennis player was walking down the street with his then team caption Alan Moore, he saw a crocodile skin suitcase in one of the stores and made a bet with Alan that if he wins the next game, Moore would have to buy Rene the suitcase. Though Rene lost the game, a journalist who overheard the conversation described the player as a crocodile who fought really hard for the match. Later, his company turned this earned nickname into an emblem.

9. McDonald’s logo.

The arches on the McDonald’s logo resemble females breasts which were thought by psychologist Louis Cheskin to arouse the feeling of hunger in people and also remind them of their happy childhood.

10. Apple logo.

Now, who doesn’t recognize this one? One of the astonishing facts is that Designer Rob Janoff said in an interview that the bitten apple clearer in its dimensions that will distinguish it from other round fruits. Though early rumors had it that it was dedicated to Alan Turning who died by biting into a poisoned apple.


 

posted Jun 20 by Abu Anam

  Promote This Article
Facebook Share Button Twitter Share Button LinkedIn Share Button


Related Articles

Each organization strives to guarantee that its logo is not quite recently conspicuous from that of others, but rather passes on a message to its shopper. Take a look at some of the popular 'brands' logos and the interesting meanings they carry.

1. Apple

It is said that at one phase in Apple's presence, its logo used to include energetic, multi-colored stripes — to underscore the way that the organization created PCs with color screens. However, in 1998, after the arrival of Steve Jobs and the coming of another era of PCs, Apple changed to the monochrome version of the logo.

2. Amazon

The Amazon logo doesn't seem like it may conceal anything unique. Be that as it may, it's been intended to help us comprehend the reasoning of the brand. The yellow bolt looks like a grin, highlighting the way that the organization needs their clients to be glad. What's more, the bolt that associates the letters "An" and "Z" indicates the way that this online store has totally everything.

3. BMW

It is said that BMW begun as an aircraft producer, and its logo stays consistent with these roots. In any case, in opposition to the prevalent view that the logo depicted the development of an air ship propeller with the white sharp edges slicing through a blue sky, it really insinuates the Bavarian flag, which has a checkered pattern of blue and white colors.

4. Mercedes-Benz

The Mercedes-Benz logo symbolizes the organization's trust in its own flawlessness. It is said that the three-pointed star speaks to mastery in each condition — ashore, water and in the air.

5. FedEx

If you look closely at the logo, you can see a bolt, which is shaped by the vacant space between the letters "E" and 'X'. It is said that this bolt symbolizes speed and exactness — the two managing standards of the organization.

6. McDonald’s

Yes, the letter "M" remains for McDonald's, yet as indicated by outline expert and therapist, Louis Cheskin, the adjusted "M" additionally speaks to a couple of feeding bosoms. It is said that in the 1960s, McDonald's was set up to relinquish this logo, however Cheskin effectively asked the organization to keep up this marking with its Freudian symbolism.

7. Formula 1

If you look closely at the empty space between the "F" and the red stripes, you'll see it change into a '1′. It is said that the logo is intended to pass on a feeling of speed.

8. Unilever

Unilever produces an enormous number of diverse products, and this is reflected in their logo. The organization's logo was intended to incorporate 25 symbols, each of which speaks to something vital to the organization. For instance, the heart means love, care and prosperity, while the winged creature symbolizes opportunity, freedom from regular errands, and happiness regarding life.

9. Sony Vaio

The Sony Vaio logo incorporates the thoughts of simple and advanced innovation into one. The initial two letters, "V" and 'A', represent to a simple wave, while the keep going two, "I" and 'O', represent to parallel from the digital world.

10. Bluetooth

In the tenth century AD, Denmark was controlled by King Harald Blåtand, a recorded figure acclaimed for joining Danish tribes into a solitary kingdom. Harald was frequently called "Bluetooth" since he was a known significant other of blueberries. It is said that no less than one of his teeth had a lasting blue tint.

Bluetooth innovation is intended for joining different gadgets into a solitary system. The image speaking to this innovation is a blend of two Scandinavian runes: "Hagall" (or 'Hagalaz'), which is the simple of the Latin 'H', and "Bjarkan" — a rune that equivalents the Latin letter 'B'. Along these lines, the two runes shape the initials of Harald Blåtand's name. Coincidentally, an original Bluetooth gadget was shaded blue and took after a tooth.

11. Power On

The "power" (or "power on") image can be found on any gadget, yet few individuals think about its inceptions. It is said that as ahead of schedule as the 1940s, engineers utilized a paired framework for speaking to particular switches, where 1 implied on and 0 implied off. In the next decades, it changed into a sign that elements a circle (zero) and a vertical line (one).

12. Carrefour

Carrefour is a multinational and one of the greatest European retailers headquartered in France. The organization's logo, which symbolizes the continuous development of the organization, is made in the shades of the French banner. Likewise, the logo additionally fuses the principal letter of the organization's name.

13. Big Ten

The Big Ten is a academic association established in 1896. Until 1990, this union comprised of 10 colleges. At that point, in June 1990, it was joined by Pennsylvania State University. The affiliation chose not to change its name but rather to mean the including of another part, it basically included "11" to its logo. It is found in white shading with one 1 preceding the letter "T" and the other after it.

14. Continental

Continental is a leading German car producing organization represent considerable authority in tires. One of those tires is obviously present in the organization's logo — made by the mix of the first two letters.

15. Sun Microsystems

The Sun Microsystems' logo is one of the world's most celebrated ambigrams. "Sun" frames the premise of a square and can be perused from each of its corners. The logo was said to be made by Stanford teacher, Vaughan Pratt.

READ MORE

Have you ever taken a gander at a logo and considered how they thought of it? What enlivened them to put a half-chomped apple for Apple's logo? All things considered, you'd be shocked what these 15 current logos really speak to. Keep in mind: there's a shrouded significance behind each logo!

 

1. Amazon

Your underlying thought when taking a gander at the Amazon logo may be that the bolt resembles a smiley face, which means Amazon is there to fulfill its clients. All things considered, notice that the bolt is indicating from the a the z. This situation speaks to the way that Amazon gives an assortment of things to deal, truly from start to finish.

 

2. FedEx

The FedEx logo is an inventive one! At first look, everything you can truly notice are the two distinctive hues, yet in the event that you look carefully, you can see a bolt is made between the spaces of the letter "E" and "X," speaking to the organization's ground breaking ways and viewpoint towards what's to come.

 

3. Apple

On the off chance that you speculated that the Apple logo needs to do with the creation story of Adam and Eve, then you speculated accurately. It speaks to the illegal organic product from the Tree of Knowledge.

 

4. IBM

IBM's logo has a message for the entire world covered up in its enormous blue logo. The white lines going through give the presence of the equivalent sign in the lower right corner, speaking to balance.

 

5. Adidas

Ever notice that Adidas's symbol looks like a mountain? Well, that's exactly what it's supposed to mean. The three stripes, which were part of the original logo in 1967, never really meant anything. It was just supposed to be unique. In the '90s, though, they slanted the stripes so that it would represent a mountain, standing for the obstacles people need to overcome.

 

6. McDonald's

Yes, it truly signifies "M" for McDonald's and there truly isn't some other significance McDonald's expected. Rather, it came to mean something inadvertent to clients, at any rate as per configuration expert and therapist Louis Cheskin. In the '60s, McDonald's needed to change their logo however Cheskin demanded leaving the brilliant curves. He said this is on the grounds that clients unknowingly perceive the logo as "imagery of a couple of feeding bosoms". Whether we unknowingly trust this or not, Cheskin persuaded them and now the logo is a standout amongst the most conspicuous on the planet.

 

7. Audi

Four loops... plain and straightforward, isn't that so? All things considered, off-base. Truth be told, each of these bands speaks to the four establishing organizations of the Auto-Union Consortium route in 1932: DKW, Horch, Wanderer and Audi.

 

8. Google

Ever see how the Google logo has four essential hues in succession, then it's broken by an optional shading? This was completely deliberate. Google needed to demonstrate that they don't play by the principles and are likewise perky without making the image massive. To do that, they simply utilized basic letters and hues.

 

9. Mercedes-Benz

The Mercedes-Benz logo is the most sure one out of the pack. The tri-star is illustrative of the organization's predominance in quality and style over all things area, ocean and air.

 

10. NBC

Better believe it, it's a peacock, yet did you ever ask why it has such a variety of hues? That is on the grounds that amid the '50s, NBC's proprietor was RCA and they had recently started to fabricate shading TVs. Since RCA needed individuals as yet watching on high contrast TV to realize what they were missing, NBC made a vivid logo to adjust to the new innovation.

 

11. Volkswagen

Volkswagen keeps its logo exceptionally straightforward yet inspiring too. The "V" and the "W" can without much of a stretch be seen. "Volks" in German means individuals, while "Wagen" implies auto. It's the auto for the general population!

 

12. Mobil

The significance of this logo lies in its hues. The red is said to speak to quality and the blue speaks to the loyalty and security that the organization gives.

 

13. BMW

For whatever length of time that I can recollect, the BMW logo has been connected with a blue sky and a propeller turning, backtracking to BMW's airplane building days. Yet, imagine a scenario in which I let you know that wasn't the first goal. As indicated by New York Times, the trademark was enlisted in 1917, however the propeller affiliation wasn't made until a 1929 commercial where the logo was highlighted close by a flying machine. What does the logo mean then? The hues are blue and white to speak to the Bavarian Free State hues. The reason it looks how it does is on account of utilizing a national image as a part of a business trademark was unlawful, so the hues were orchestrated in a restricting request. There you have it.

 

14. Toyota

The three circles found in the logo for Toyota speak to three hearts: the heart of the client, the heart of the item, and the heart of advancement in the field of innovation.

 

15. Pepsi

In 2008, Pepsi burned through $1 million to pay Arnell Associates to think of the new logo (the old one is on the left and the new on the privilege). Thus, Pepsi needed to pay millions more to re-brand everything. At that point Arnell's report was spilled, which it was entitled "Amazing Design Strategy." It suggests that the new logo is some sort of Da Vinci Code. As per Arnell's report, the Pepsi logo draws on feng shui, the Renaissance, the Earth's Geodynamo, the hypothesis of relativity, the universe, and that's only the tip of the iceberg. For additional, read it over at Gawker. There you have it: the Pepsi logo is the way to the universe.

 

READ MORE

1. Robert Augustus Chesebrough, was an American scientific expert who found oil jam, which he set apart as Vaseline. He asserted to eat a spoonful of Vaseline ordinary. Before propelling the item, he tried Vaseline all alone hands and legs ordinary. To illustrate, he would consume his skin with open fire and than would apply the oil jam. 

2. Stephen Hawking kept on working all through his illnesses. In any case, one of the uncommon truth says, Hawking could talk single word every moment. He does this by jerking his cheek to control a cursor on a screen. Notwithstanding, as per different sources, it is said that Intel buckled down and plans to lift Hawking's discourse from one to ten words for each minutes.

3. Did you know who is the innovator of flame hydrant? All things considered, nobody thinks about it. Since the designer of flame hydrant was scorched in flame while testing the gadget. 

4. The Process of water moved from the roots to the leaves known as transpiration was first broadly proposed in 1895 and comparable process was penned by Isaac Newton amid his undergrad years in 1660's. Berling authors, "We have no clue to what extent Newton spent considering the workings of plants or what provoked these musings". 

5. Leo Fender, who is the designer of telecaster and strastocaster, couldn't play guitar. 

6. The main telephone call was made in 1973 by Martin Cooper, who is the previous Motorola innovator. 

7. A New Molecule called Tetranitratoxycarbon was incidentally created by a 10-Year-Old in 2012 in Science Class. 

8. The primary Credit card by imagined by a man who confronted a humiliation to pay the bill for supper yet overlooked his wallet. 

9. James Watson is one of the researchers who found the helical structure of DNA. He trusts that idiocy is an illnesses and morons ought to be cured. He trusted that individuals from Africa are less canny and furthermore does not wish to contract chubby individual because of their corpulence. 

10. Charles Richter, who is the innovator of the Richter scale was a nudist some time recently. 

11. Rudolf Diesel, who concocted the Diesel Engine submitted suicide in 1913 on the grounds that he thought this creation of diesel motor was a waste, and could never prevail in future.

READ MORE

Did you know, there are 196 countries in the world today? In fact, there are so many countries, whose names are also not recognized by many of us. There are so many informative facts about different countries.

Let's take a look at 10 Interesting and unknown facts about different countries that you need to know:

1. The country which still follows a traditional calendar that is seven years behind the rest of the world

Ethiopia still follows a traditional calendar that is seven years behind the rest of the world. Because of the strong presence of the Coptic Orthodox Church in the country, the traditional calendar of that church is still influential in Ethiopia. The calendar came about in the 16th century, when most of Christianity changed the date Jesus is believed to have been born on, but those in Ethiopia decided to maintain the original date. Because of the time discrepancy, Ethiopia held celebrations for the new millennium in 2007, seven years after the rest of the world.

2. The country which falls in all 4 hemispheres

Kiribati is the only country on the planet to fall into every one of the four hemispheres of the globe, straddling the equator and stretching out into the eastern and western hemispheres. Kiribati was also the first country to see the dawn of the third millennium on 1st January 2000.

3. The country which is smaller than Central Park in New York City

Smaller than Central Park in New York City – Monaco: Although Vatican City is smaller (.17 sq mi) than Monaco (.8 sq mi), not at all like Monaco it doesn’t have any permanent residents which leaves Monaco as the smallest permanently inhabited nation in the world… Smaller than Central Park.

4. The most diverse Country

The Most Diverse Country in the world is India: In almost every category – culturally, economically, climatically, racially, linguistically, ethnically, and religiously India is either the most diverse countries in the world, or the runner-up.

5. The Least Religious Country

A 2007–2008 Gallup survey found Estonia to be the least religious country in the world. The survey asked respondents from around the world, “Is religion an important part of your daily life?” Only 14% of Estonians answered in the affirmative, the lowest of all nations. In contrast, in that same poll, Egypt had a 100% “yes” rate.

6. There is another country which has Hindi as its official language

Fiji is the only country other than India with Hindi as an official language. Native Fijians make up 54% of the population. Under British rule, Indian labourers were brought to Fiji to work on the sugar cane crops. Descendants of these labourers are called Indo-Fijians and today they account for around 40% of the population.

7. There are countries which do not have an Army

There are 22 countries in the world that do not have an army, the large majority comprising tiny island states or enclaves. Incidentally, this doesn’t include the Vatican City, which has the c as a military corps.

8. The country which has 23 native languages

There are 23 native languages recognised by the government in Guatemala. Overall, about 40% of the population speak one of these languages, including Quiche, Kekchi, and Mam.

9.  The country which lies in 2 continents

Istanbul, Turkey, is the only country which falls in 2 continents.

10. The country which has the most amount of Obese people

Nauru has the most amount of Obese population in the world with over 95% of its population overweight.

READ MORE

Chittorgarh is located on the banks of Gambhiri and Berach River. A repository of folklore, historical events and rich cultural heritage, Chittorgarh draws thousands of backpackers and historical travelers every year. The Chittorgarh fort is a proud monument that is proof of the heroic battles fought by warriors like Maharana Pratap, Gara and Kumbha. The whole town is dipped in historical splendor with beautiful monuments surrounding you everywhere you go. The Vijaystambha, Kirtistambha, Padmini’s palace and Bassi fort are some of the other historical places in India that speak volumes about the Mauryan dynasty and its subsequent successors.

Let's take a look at 10 Interesting and unknown facts about India's famous historical place Chittorgarh:

1. During the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee in the year 2013, the Fort of Chittorgarh alongside the 5 other forts in Rajasthan has professed a UNESCO World Heritage Site under Hill forts of Rajasthan.

2. The Chittorgarh Fort was built during the 7th century AD by the Mauryans and was named after the Mauryan ruler Chitrangada Mori, and was used until 1568.

3. When men lost charging their enemy across the fort walls and lost the battles. Women being brave to have committed mass self-immolation (Jauhar). This makes the fort to signify the tribute, courage, and sacrifice. During 7th and 16th centuries considered death as a pride rather than being surrendered under the invading troops.

4. Earlier the fort consisted of 84 water bodies but now it is decreased to 22. These could have the capacity of 4 billion liters of water. That is equal to the water needs of 50,000 army men. The water bodies include of ponds, wells, and such resources.

5. There are seven gateways in the fort which was built during 1433-1468 by Rana Kumbha. The names of the gates include that of the Paidal Pol, Bhairon Pol, Hanuman Pol, Ganesh Pol, Jorla Pol, Laxman Pol, and Ram Pol, the final and main gate.

6. Rani Padmini was one of the prominent queens of those times. She was the wife of king Rawal Ratan Singh, the Rajput ruler of Chittor.

7. To commemorate the victory of Sultan of Malwa; Mahmud Shah I Khlaji in 1440 AD, the tower of victory named Vijay Stambha or Jaya Stambha was raised by Rana Khumbha. This is an expression of victory triumph- also called the symbol of Chittor.

8. When viewed from the higher view, the fort is shaped like a fish.  It has a boundary of 13 km with a determined length of 5 km and it covers an area of 700 acres.

9. The fort of Chittorgarh contains a total of 65 notable buildings, including 4 memorials, 4 palaces, and 19 temples.

10. Having dimensions of 37.2 meters high and 47 square feet area, and has a perimeter of 13 km (8 miles), and is situated on an 180-meter high hill.

READ MORE

As the full moon approaches, its growing brightness tends to capture our attention.

The full moon occurs when the moon is on the opposite side of Earth from the sun, so that its face is fully illuminated by the sun's light. 

But any day of the month, the moon has some secrets up her sleeve. Here are 10 surprising and strange facts about the moon that may surprise you:

1) There's actually four kinds of lunar months

Our months correspond approximately to the length of time it takes our natural satellite to go through a full cycle of phases.  From excavated tally sticks, researchers have deduced that people from as early as the Paleolithic period counted days in relation to the moon's phases. But there are actually four different kinds of lunar months.  The durations listed here are averages.

1.     Anomalistic – the length of time it takes the moon to circle the Earth, measured from one perigee (the closest point in its orbit to Earth) to the next: 27 days, 13 hours, 18 minutes, 37.4 seconds.

2.     Nodical – the length of time it takes the moon to pass through one of its nodes (where it crosses the plane of the Earth's orbit) and return to it: 27 days, 5 hours, 5 minutes, 35.9 seconds.

3.     Sidereal – the length of time it takes the moon to circle the Earth, using the stars as a reference point: 27 days, 7 hours, 43 minutes, 11.5 seconds.

4.     Synodical – the length of time it takes the moon to circle the Earth, using the sun as the reference point (that is, the time lapse between two successive conjunctions with the sun – going from new moon to new moon): 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes, 2.7 seconds.  It is the synodic month that is the basis of many calendars today and is used to divide the year.

Supermoons can appear 30 percent brighter and up to 14 percent larger than typical full moons. 

2) We see slightly more than half of the moon from Earth

Most reference books will note that because the moon rotates only once during each revolution about the Earth, we never see more than half of its total surface. The truth, however, is that we actually get to see more of it over the course of its elliptical orbit: 59 percent (almost three-fifths). 

The moon's rate of rotation is uniform but its rate of revolution is not, so we're able to see just around the edge of each limb from time to time.  Put another way, the two motions do not keep perfectly in step, even though they come out together at the end of the month. We call this effect libration of longitude.

So the moon "rocks" in the east and west direction, allowing us to see farther around in longitude at each edge than we otherwise could. The remaining 41 percent can never be seen from our vantage point; and if anyone were on that region of the moon, they would never see the Earth.

3) It would take hundreds of thousands of moons to equal the brightness of the sun

The full moon shines with a magnitude of -12.7, but the sun is 14 magnitudes brighter, at -26.7.  The ratio of brightness of the sun versus the moon amounts to a difference of 398,110 to 1.  So that's how many full moons you would need to equal the brightness of the sun.  But this all a moot point, because there is no way that you could fit that many full moons in the sky.

The sky is 360 degrees around (including the half we can't see, below the horizon), so there are over 41,200 square degrees in the sky. The moon measures only a half degree across, which gives it an area of only 0.2 square degrees. So you could fill up the entire sky, including the half that lies below our feet,  with 206,264 full moons — and still come up short by 191,836 in the effort to match the brightness of the sun.

4) The first- or last-quarter moon is not one half as bright as a full moon

If the moon's surface were like a perfectly smooth billiard ball, its surface brightness would be the same all over. In such a case, it would indeed appear half as bright.

But the moon has a very rough topography. Especially near and along the day/night line (known as the terminator), the lunar landscape appears riddled with innumerable shadows cast by mountains, boulders and even tiny grains of lunar dust.  Also, the moon's face is splotched with dark regions.  The end result is that at first quarter, the moon appears only one eleventh as bright as when it's full. 

The moon is actually a little brighter at first quarter than at last quarter, since at that phase some parts of the moon reflect sunlight better than others.

The dazzling full moon sets behind the Very Large Telescope in Chile's Atacama Desert in this photo released June 7, 2010 by the European Southern Observatory. The moon appears larger than normal due to an optical illusion of perspective.

5) A 95-percent illuminated moon appears half as bright as a full moon

Believe it or not, the moon is half as bright as a full moon about 2.4 days before and after a full moon.  Even though about 95 percent of the moon is illuminated at this time, and to most casual observers it might still look like a "full" moon, its brightness is roughly 0.7 magnitudes less than at full phase, making it appear one-half as bright.

 

6) The Earth, seen from the moon, also goes through phases

However, they are opposite to the lunar phases that we see from the Earth. It's a full Earth when it's new moon for us; last-quarter Earth when we're seeing a first-quarter moon; a crescent Earth when we're seeing a gibbous moon, and when the Earth is at new phase we're seeing a full moon. 

From any spot on the moon (except on the far side, where you cannot see the Earth), the Earth would always be in the same place in the sky.

From the moon, our Earth appears nearly four times larger than a full moon appears to us, and – depending on the state of our atmosphere – shines anywhere from 45 to 100 times brighter than a full moon.  So when a full (or nearly full) Earth appears in the lunar sky, it illuminates the surrounding lunar landscape with a bluish-gray glow.  

From here on the Earth, we can see that glow when the moon appears to us as a crescent; sunlight illuminates but a sliver of the moon, while the rest of its outline is dimly visible by virtue of earthlight.  Leonardo da Vinci was the first to figure out what that eerie glow appearing on the moon really was.

7) Eclipses are reversed when viewing from the moon

Phases aren't the only things that are seen in reverse from the moon.  An eclipse of the moon for us is an eclipse of the sun from the moon.  In this case, the disk of the Earth appears to block out the sun. 

If it completely blocks the sun, a narrow ring of light surrounds the dark disk of the Earth; our atmosphere backlighted by the sun.  The ring appears to have a ruddy hue, since it's the combined light of all the sunrises and sunsets occurring at that particular moment.  That's why during a total lunar eclipse, the moon takes on a ruddy or coppery glow. 

When a total eclipse of the sun is taking place here on Earth, an observer on the moon can watch over the course of two or three hours as a small, distinct patch of darkness works its way slowly across the surface of the Earth.  It's the moon's dark shadow, called the umbra, that falls on the Earth, but unlike in a lunar eclipse, where the moon can be completely engulfed by the Earth's shadow, the moon's shadow is less than a couple of hundred miles wide when it touches the Earth, appearing only as a dark blotch.

8) There are rules for how the moon's craters are named

The lunar craters were formed by asteroids and comets that collided with the moon.  Roughly 300,000 craters wider than 1 km (0.6 miles) are thought to be on the moon's near side alone. 

These are named for scholars, scientists, artists and explorers.  For example, Copernicus Crater is named for Nicolaus Copernicus, a Polish astronomer who realized in the 1500s that the planets move about the sun. Archimedes Crater is named for the Greek mathematician Archimedes, who made many mathematical discoveries in the third century B.C.

The custom of applying personal names to the lunar formations began in 1645 with Michael van Langren, an engineer in Brussels who named the moon's principal features after kings and great people on the Earth.  On his lunar map he named the largest lunar plain (now known as Oceanus Procellarum) after his patron, Phillip IV of Spain. 

But just six years later, Giovanni Battista Riccioli of Bologna completed his own great lunar map, which removed the names bestowed by Van Langren and instead derived names chiefly from those of famous astronomers — the basis of the system which continues to this day.  In 1939, the British Astronomical Association issued a catalog of officially named lunar formations, "Who's Who on the Moon," listing the names of all formations adopted by the International Astronomical Union.

Today the IAU continues to decide the names for craters on our moon, along with names for all astronomical objects.  The IAU organizes the naming of each particular celestial feature around a particular theme. 

The names of craters now tend to fall into two groups. Typically, moon craters have been named for deceased scientists, scholars, explorers, and artists who've become known for their contributions to their respective fields.  The craters around the Apollo crater and the Mare Moscoviense are to be named after deceased American astronauts and Russian cosmonauts.

The best time to observe the moon this month is over the next few nights.

9) The moon encompasses a huge temperature range

If you survey the Internet for temperature data on the moon, you're going to run into quite a bit of confusion. There's little consistency even within a given website in which temperature scale is quoted: Celsius, Fahrenheit, even Kelvin. 

We have opted to use the figures that are quoted by NASA on its Website: The temperature at the lunar equator ranges from an extremely low minus 280 degrees F (minus 173 degrees C) at night to a very high 260 degrees F (127 degrees C) in the daytime. In some deep craters near the moon's poles, the temperature is always near minus 400 degrees F (minus 240 degrees C).

During a lunar eclipse, as the moon moves into the Earth's shadow, the surface temperature can plunge about 500 degrees F (300 degrees C) in less than 90 minutes.  

10) The moon has its own time zone

It is possible to tell time on the moon.  In fact, back in 1970, Helbros Watches asked Kenneth L. Franklin, who for many years was the chief astronomer at New York's Hayden Planetarium, to design a watch for moon walkers that measures time in what he called "lunations," the period it takes the moon to rotate and revolve around the Earth; each lunation is exactly 29.530589 Earth days.

For the moon, Franklin developed a system he called "lunar mean solar time," or Lunar Time (LT).   He envisioned local lunar time zones similar to the standard time zones of Earth, but based on meridians that are 12-degrees wide (analogous to the 15-degree intervals on Earth).  "They will be named unambiguously as '36-degree East Zone time,' etc., although 'Copernican time,' 'West Tranquillity time' and others may be adopted as convenient."   A lunar hour was defined as a "lunour," and decilunours, centilunours and millilunours were also introduced.  

Interestingly, one moon watch was sent to the president of the United States at the time, Richard M. Nixon, who sent a thank you note to Franklin. The note and another moon watch were kept in a display case at the Hayden Planetarium for several years. 

Quite a few visitors would openly wonder why Nixon was presented with a wristwatch that could be used only on the moon.     

Forty years have come and gone without the watch becoming a big seller. 

Joe Rao serves as an instructor and guest lecturer at New York's Hayden Planetarium. He writes about astronomy for The New York Times and other publications, and he is also an on-camera meteorologist for News 12 Westchester, N.Y.

READ MORE
Contact Us
+91 9880187415
sales@queryhome.net
support@queryhome.net
#280, 3rd floor, 5th Main
6th Sector, HSR Layout
Bangalore-560102
Karnataka INDIA.
QUERY HOME
...