Sulfuric Acid (H2SO4)
Sulfuric Acid is one of the most important industrial chemicals in the world. Historical name of this acid is “Oil of Vitriol”. The study about this acid started in ancient times. Medieval European Alchemists called it “oil of vitriol” as it was prepared by roasting “green vitriol” in an iron retort. it is highly corrosive and can cause serious damage if not used with proper care. It can damage the eyes; can cause chemical burns and thermal burns via dehydration.
It is called king of acid because of its direct and indirect applications in the manufacture of many chemicals including fertilizers. Sulphuric acid is used to clean up rust from steel rolls and soap. It also dissolves its own compounds. It replaces salts from weaker acids. It is ideal to call sulphuric acid as king of chemicals.