Antarctica is the coldest, windiest, highest (on average), and driest continent. Temperature of the continent ranges from -129ºF as its coldest and + 59ºF for the warmest temperature ever recorded in history (it has the highest average elevation which contributes a lot to the colder temperature.)
Because of above climate conditions, Antarctica is considered as the most uninhabited continent but not totally uninhabited. Summer period at Antarctica starts from November and ends in March, these are the only months wherein scientists or exchange students or temporary settlers live in Antarctica for reasons of study and experiments. There are no permanent residents in Antarctica and based on statistical records, the average number of people who lives there, ranges from 1,000 to 5,000. Only cold-adapted plants and animals survive this place and these are; penguins, seals, nematodes, mites, types of algae and tundra vegetation. The lack of resources for daily survival makes Antarctica uninhabited in most of the times in a year with the climate as the major factor for human life and plants not to survive.