At present, Democracy is being practiced in many countries around the world. The people get to choose who is to lead the government and who their representatives in parliament will be. But that has not always been the case in the past where subjects were subjected to dictatorial rule. Some nations are still under dictators at present and they suffer under these tyrants. Dictatorship can be defined as a form of governance whereby a country or a state is ruled by one person or a small group of people who exercise absolute power over their subjects.
Let's take a look at top 10 Evil dictators in the World history:
1. Adolf Hitler, Germany
Adolf Hitler was the leader of the Nazi Party. He was the absolute dictator of Germany from 1934 to 1945. He gained support by promoting values like German nationalism and anti-semitism. Hitler was appointed chancellor in 1933 and began the Third Reich. Hitler was power hungry as all hell, hated the shit out of Jews (and others), and wanted hegemony in Europe. The militarization that was needed to complete such a lofty goal led to the outbreak of World War II. Nazi forces engaged in the systematic murder of as many as 17 million civilians, an estimated six million of whom were Jews, and 1.5 million Romanies.
2. Kim Jong-il, North Korea
Kim Jong-il was a modern day dictator. He arrested anyone who opposed his workers party. He would lock them in labor camps where he would overwork them and starve them to death. He demanded total loyalty from his citizens and even demand that they refer to him as the Supreme Leader of North Korea. Those who failed to do so were executed or thrown into the labor camps. He was so obsessed with military warfare that he would commit all government finances into the military. This paralyzed other departments such as healthcare and it was the citizens who suffered the most.
3. Saddam Hussein, Iraq
One of the most well-known leaders of the 21st century, Saddam Hussein instituted mass genocide against the Kurds, Shabaks, Assyrians, Madeans, and other ethnic groups that rebelled against his brutal regime. An estimated 2 million people died at his hand. He used mustard and nerve gas against the Kurdish town of Halabja, a population of 45,000, killing between 3,200 – 5,000 people. He used more chemical weapons against the Kurds during a genocidal campaign, killing between 50,000 and 100,000 Kurdish men, women, and children. No one was safe from imprisonment and torture. He often had the torture of his victims recorded and then replayed during dinner for his amusement.
4. Muammar Gaddafi, Libya
He ruled Libya for over 42 years until his death in 2011. During this time he used Libya’s oil wealth to enrich himself and his close family. He ruled high-handedly such very few dared oppose his rule. Peaceful protesters were often killed by his military officials. This continued until 2011 when the Arabian Revolution was in full swing. This motivated the Libyans to take to the street in armed protest until they were able to kill one of the meanest dictators of our time.
5. Idi Amin Dada, Uganda
Even though Idi Amin Dada ruled Uganda for only eight years from 1971 to 1979, he took full advantage of his time in command to put his wrath on display. Roughly half a million people lost their lives due to extrajudicial killings and genocide during this time. His rule was characterized by massive human rights violations, political assassinations and extrajudicial killings. Anyone who dared oppose his rule was executed mostly without due process. He was so greedy that he would even take the wives of other people and make them his own. Not only was he evil and malicious but he was also a cannibal. He would cut pieces of flesh from those he has killed and eat then raw.
6. Bashar Al Assad, Syria
Bashar al-Assad is the incumbent President of Syria despite calls both locally and abroad for him to step down. By holding onto power he is responsible for the civil crisis currently experienced in Syria. His regime is ruthless and merciless in its efforts to hold onto power. They have even resorted to killing children as young as 2 years old so as to scare anyone who opposes his government. For all these atrocities is therefore one of the Evil dictator in the World history.
7. Joseph Stalin, USSR
Jozef Stalin was the first Secretary of the Communist Party from 1922 – 1953. He became the leader of Soviet Union after Lenin died in 1924, and launched government programs that would make the country more progressive. His attempt to move to the new economy, however, led to the starvation of nearly 10 million people. With many intellectuals and activists not in favor of his leadership, Stalin also launched the “Great Purge”, killing every person who opposed him and his ideals.
8. Benito Mussolini, Italy
He was the ruler of Italy during the Second World War. He was an extreme socialist and exhibited totalitarian rule on Italians by making Italy a one party state. He ruled Italy with an iron fist but sadly enough the Italians still followed him. He collaborated with Nazi Germany during World War II and he was eventually killed in 1945.
9. Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe
President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe is said to have risen to power via electoral deception and fearmongering. There was even one election where he did not receive any votes in a certain province so he orchestrated the killing of over 20,000 civilians by fabricating stories of rebellion and treason. During his time in office over 3.1 million Zimbabweans lost their homes, jobs, and livelihood due to his “land reform program” aka bulldozing any village that voices dissent.
10. Fidel Castro, Cuba
Fidel Castro is the former Head of State of Cuba who served as president from 1976 up to 2008 when he handed the reins of power to his brother Raul Castro. He treated Cuba like his personal farm yard by assigning himself all the constitutional powers of governance. By denying the Cubans the right to elect the leaders of their choice, Fidel Castro makes it into the list of the Top 10 Evil dictators in the World history. His administration was responsible for countless cases of human rights violation and the mass exodus of over one million Cubans during the Cuban Exile. His stance on communism impoverished Cuba and that was the major reason behind the Mass Exodus.