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The Simplest Explanation On Why Crushed Stones Are Placed On Railway Tracks.

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You may or may not have traveled in a train but you must have seen crushed stones on railway tracks. We all have read about in our textbooks but I’m sure not everyone remembers why the stones are placed on the railway tracks. Here I’m going to explain to you in the best way possible. Keep reading, you are just a few seconds away from knowing the science behind it.

Here is the reason why crushed stones are placed on a railway track. Take a look!

Ever heard about track ballast?

The crushed stones we see on the railway track is called as track ballast and it’s packed between the sleepers.

What are sleepers?

The tracks used in railway is made of steel and it is supported by wooden ties which are called sleepers. A sleeper is kept perpendicular to the railway track.

Has it been there from the time of trains were invented?

Yes, it has been there for 200 years and hasn’t been improved after that. So you know effective these crushed stones are.

Why do we use these stones?

The major purpose of these stones is to hold the wooden ties and by doing this, we hold the rail in place.

Why only these stones?

It’s not like whatever stones the engineers find, they place it on the track. If we use round pebbles, it will roll over when the train passes.

How the shape of stones plays a major role

We need stones that won’t roll over or move around too much, and this is why we use stones with sharp edges so it can hold the track.

Is it the only thing that crushed stones do?

Its job is not only holding the track tight but it also helps in draining out the water when the track is filled with water. It doesn’t completely insulate water but it does help in water drainage.

Other important benefits of crushed stones

It doesn’t allow plants to grow on the tracks, provides water drainage and most importantly is to hold the tracks firmly even in the case of heavy loaded trains.


What if we don’t use crushed stones and simply nail the tracks on the ground?

This is what will happen if we don’t place the crushed stones on the track.

Interesting, right?

Such a small invention that was done years ago but the purpose it serves is extremely amazing.

Know the scientific names

In case you are confused with the scientific names, this image will clear your doubts.

posted May 11, 2019 by Deepak Jangid

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1. This Assamese man planted an entire forest for 30 years

A great step to protect the wildlife balance of the world. He did not take any help from the government and did this single-handedly.

2. IAS officer built a road that stretches 100 km to connect Manipur to other places of the state

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3. Arvind Kejriwal clicked before and after becoming the CM of Delhi

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4. SBI lost the case to this tea seller

Justice being well served. The courage of this commoner is praiseworthy. If you are right and true, nothing can bring you down.

5. A group of common people together lifted the bus in Pune to save the students stuck under it

This is the proof humanity is still alive and people do come forward to help others in need.

6. This old man himself cut the huge mountain to pave a path for transportation

He is titled as the ‘Mountain Man.’ After appealing to the government several times, when he got no response he started cutting the mountain himself. Recently a movie was made inspired by his life story.

7. Government trolled

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Did you know that learning to play a musical instrument has many benefits including the ability to bring down stress, improve memory power and increase confidence levels?

However, music is something that is never too late to learn. And here are 10 good reasons as to why everyone should learn to play a musical instrument.

1. Playing a musical instrument relieves stress 

Playing a musical instrument makes you smarter
Researchers studying the benefits of music have reported that playing a musical instrument on a regular basis can help bring down stress. Studies show that playing an instrument helps in lowering the heart rate and blood pressure, which in turn lowers the stress hormone cortisol, thus making us feel relaxed. While just listening to music also helps, learning to play an instrument brings with it a comforting routine of daily practice that helps in keeping the stress hormones away. Michael Jolkovski, a psychologist who specializes in musicians, feels that music also helps in bringing down stress by helping people connect with others. "It (music) can satisfy the need to unwind from the worries of life, but unlike the other things people often use for this purpose, such as excessive eating, drinking, or TV or aimless web browsing, it makes people more alive and connected with one another."

2. Playing a musical instrument makes you smarter

Playing a musical instrument makes you smarter
People who have received a music education are generally smarter than their non-musical counterparts are. Extensive research done in this area has proved that children who learn to play a musical instrument do better in academics. Shaw, Rauscher, Levine, Wright, Dennis and Newcomb, in their research paper titled Music Training Causes Long-Term Enhancement Of Preschool Children's Spatial-Temporal Reasoning, speak about, “a research team exploring the link between music and intelligence reported that music training is far superior to computer instruction in dramatically enhancing children's abstract reasoning skills, the skills necessary for learning math and science."

3. Playing a musical instrument improves your social life

Playing a musical instrument improves your social life
Music helps you connect. Learning an instrument enlarges your social circle since you get to meet more people than you usually would. In children, music can help develop social skills. Maestro Eduardo Marturet, a conductor, composer and musical director for the Miami Symphony Orchestra, who also oversees the MISO Young Artist program in South Florida, has observed the effect that music has on a child’s social skills. "Socially, children who become involved in a musical group or ensemble learn important life skills, such as how to relate to others, how to work as a team and appreciate the rewards that come from working together, and the development of leadership skills and discipline."

4. Playing a musical instrument helps build confidence

Playing a musical instrument helps build confidence
Choosing to take music lessons can help build confidence. Once you are aware that you are able to do something well, like play the flute for instance, you naturally become more confident of your skills. Learning to play an instrument can help both children and adults who face confidence issues. Elizabeth Dotson-Westphalen, a music teacher and performer, has found that music has helped many of students develop confidence. "They find that once they can develop a skill by themselves that they can get better and better."

5. Playing a musical instrument teaches patience

Playing a musical instrument teaches patience
Music teachers feel that music can help teach patience. In a world of instant gratification, learning to play an instrument is not something that can happen overnight. It is the daily effort of everyday practice that can help a musician learn how to play without mistakes. This is turn develops patience. Most musicians go through years of regular practice that includes daily musical exercises and the tackling of progressively difficult musical pieces, which in turn helps them conquer the virtue of patience. 

6. Playing a musical instrument fosters creativity

Playing a musical instrument fosters creativity
Stuck in everyday routine lives, many of us lose touch with our creative side. Learning to play a musical instrument, especially when you reach advanced levels, can foster that lost creativity. Since music education plays on your mental, emotional and cognitive abilities, the brain is stimulated to think out of the ordinary, which results in improved creativity. 

7. Playing a musical instrument improves memory

Playing a musical instrument improves memory
Music and memory go hand in hand. Learning to play a musical instrument makes you use both parts of your brain and this in turn boosts memory power. Maestro Eduardo Marturet, reiterates this point when he says, "Further research has shown that participation in music at an early age can help improve a child's learning ability and memory by stimulating different patterns of brain development." Music education is also linked to higher IQ levels and the physical development of certain parts of the brain.

8. Playing a musical instrument develops discipline

Playing a musical instrument develops discipline
Music requires dedication and regular practice. Allotting a specific amount of time to practice music daily develops discipline in the learner. This can prove to be extremely advantageous in children. Mira Stulberg-Halpert, of 3D Learner Inc., who works with children who have ADHD, has seen music discipline children when everything else fails. She has this to say on the effect of music on kids."Exposing kids to musical instruments is the key. They are naturally curious and excited about them-and the discipline that parents and kids learn by sticking with it is a lesson in itself." 

9. Playing a musical instrument gives you a sense of achievement 

Playing a musical instrument gives you a sense of achievement
Learning to play a musical instrument gives you an immense sense of achievement. Pianist Emily Singers, in her article titled, 12 Reasons You Should Learn to Play the Piano, writes that piano playing can bring true satisfaction. “It's truly one of the most satisfying things you can do,” she says. “There's no feeling like playing a difficult song and playing it flawlessly. (It is) Quite an ego-boost.” This feeling of satisfaction leads to a tremendous sense of self-achievement that can help you accomplish more in other areas of your life.

10. Playing a musical instrument is fun

Playing a musical instrument is fun
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General Elections in India is probably just one of those few things that don't undergo any drastic changes whatsoever even after a span of five years. It's the same old story every lustrum, pretty much the same faces - some known and newer ones vying for our attention, the same mud-slinging sessions “left, right and centre”, promising manifestos and half-kept promises.

Yet, every election season brings with itself a handful of candidates who leave a mark in our minds with their manifestos, and give the citizens hope for a better future when such people stand up to take the lead. Their manifestos have a real connect, they are one of our own and somehow they make us believe that unlike the majority, at least they seem to have their hearts in the right place.

Especially when it comes to Lok Sabha elections, we as Indian citizens wish to make a representative out of someone who knows the ground realities, and wishes to genuinely work for a better tomorrow in his constituency.

Two of Punjab's constituencies got lucky to find themselves amidst two such individuals who have shown genuine concern and interest to serve the people and the society they live in. And what's special about them is that, while one of them dishes out delectable burgers for his customers, the other is a Maggi masterchef of his locality.

Meet Rajvinder Pal Singh AKA 'Baba Ji Burger Wale' and Jasbir Singh AKA 'Chacha Maggi Wala' who are among the 278 candidates who are contesting in Punjab's Lok Sabha elections to be held on May 19th, 2019.

30-year-old Ravinder Pal Singh is a Lok Sabha contender from the Ludhiana Lok Sabha seat, while 55-year-old Jasbir Singh is a contender from the Patiala parliamentary constituency. Though it is true that both of them are winners in their respective professions, it is really the manifestos of these two independent candidates that deserve all the limelight. And trust us, we weren't kidding when we said that their manifestos are “mouth-watering”.

They are mouth-watering metaphorically, because the issues they are fighting for are so on-point, they would make any aware citizen rush to the polling booth, and cast their votes in favour of these two.

In an interview with PTI, Ravinder shared his reasons for contesting elections this year and said, “I decided to contest in order to raise awareness about the serious issue of growing cancer cases because of discharge of industrial effluents and chemicals into the 'Buddha nullah'."

Not just that, Ravinder, who runs a burger joint at Model Town extension in Ludhiana, also wants to improve the state of government schools and hospitals in town. “I also want the condition of government hospitals and schools to be improved so that the common man has access to better education and healthcare facilities at lesser cost," he said.

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