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Java: Why is String class considered immutable while StringBuffer are mutable?

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Java: Why is String class considered immutable while StringBuffer are mutable?
posted Jul 28, 2015 by anonymous

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1 Answer

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String is immutable ( once created can not be changed )object . The object created as a String is stored in the Constant String Pool .
Every immutable object in Java is thread safe ,that implies String is also thread safe . String can not be used by two threads simultaneously.
String once assigned can not be changed.

String demo = " hello " ;
// The above object is stored in constant string pool and its value can not be modified.

demo="Bye" ; //new "Bye" string is created in constant pool and referenced by the demo variable
// "hello" string still exists in string constant pool and its value is not overrided but we lost reference to the "hello"string


StringBuffer is mutable means one can change the value of the object . The object created through StringBuffer is stored in the heap . StringBuffer has the same methods as the StringBuilder , but each method in StringBuffer is synchronized that is StringBuffer is thread safe .

Due to this it does not allow two threads to simultaneously access the same method . Each method can be accessed by one thread at a time .

But being thread safe has disadvantages too as the performance of the StringBuffer hits due to thread safe property . Thus StringBuilder is faster than the StringBuffer when calling the same methods of each class.

StringBuffer value can be changed , it means it can be assigned to the new value . Nowadays its a most common interview question ,the differences between the above classes .
String Buffer can be converted to the string by using
toString() method.

StringBuffer demo1 = new StringBuffer("Hello") ;
// The above object stored in heap and its value can be changed .
demo1=new StringBuffer("Bye");
// Above statement is right as it modifies the value which is allowed in the StringBuffer

answer Aug 3, 2015 by Karthick.c