The CORBA architecture is designed to support the distribution of objects implemented in a variety of programming languages.
This is achieved by defining an interface definition language that can be mapped to a number of existing languages. IDL is used to define the services offered by a particular distributed object. CORBA defines a wire protocol for making requests to an object and for the object to respond to the application making the request.
The IIOP protocol ensures interoperability between client applications and server based objects. CORBA then extends on this basic set of functionality by defining a set of low level services. These services are required by applications regardless of the exact nature of the applications. These services are defined in CORBA IDL.
CORBA vendors preprocess the service IDL and then implement the service with varying degrees of robustness.