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What is the algorithm of Rand() function in C?

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What is the algorithm of Rand() function in C?
posted May 11, 2015 by anonymous

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1 Answer

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/* Reentrant random function from POSIX.1c.
   Copyright (C) 1996, 1999, 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
   Contributed by Ulrich Drepper <drepper@cygnus.com>, 1996.

   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   Lesser General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, write to the Free
   Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA
   02111-1307 USA.  */

#include <stdlib.h>


/* This algorithm is mentioned in the ISO C standard, here extended
   for 32 bits.  */
int
rand_r (unsigned int *seed)
{
  unsigned int next = *seed;
  int result;

  next *= 1103515245;
  next += 12345;
  result = (unsigned int) (next / 65536) % 2048;

  next *= 1103515245;
  next += 12345;
  result <<= 10;
  result ^= (unsigned int) (next / 65536) % 1024;

  next *= 1103515245;
  next += 12345;
  result <<= 10;
  result ^= (unsigned int) (next / 65536) % 1024;

  *seed = next;

  return result;
}
answer Jun 3, 2015 by Shivaranjini
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