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Java: After locking of first thread how other thread are accessing the list?

+2 votes
512 views
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class ThreadB extends Thread {
    private static List<String> list1   = new ArrayList<String>();
    private static List<String> list2   = new ArrayList<String>();
    private static final Object mutex   = new Object();

    public void run() {
        try {
            sleep(2000l);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        synchronized (mutex) {
            list1.add("Hello");
            System.out.println("Added for 1   " + list1.size());
            list2.add("Added for 2");
            System.out.println("Added for 2   " + list2.size());
            mutex.notify();
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ThreadB a1 = new ThreadB();
        ThreadB a2 = new ThreadB();
        a1.start();
        a2.start();
        new ThreadB().m1();    
    }

    private void m1() {         
        synchronized (list1) {
            System.out.println(list1.size());
            System.out.println(list2.size());
            try {
                list1.add("hello");
                System.out.println("m1  :::   " + list1.size());
                sleep(5000l);
                System.out.println("Oh mY God");
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            }

        }
    }
}

Output is

0
0
m1  :::   1
Added for 1   2
Added for 2   1
Added for 1   3
Added for 2   2
Oh mY God

After locking list1, how other threads are going to access that list?

posted Dec 11, 2014 by Narayana Manohar

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Gave a quick look (I may be wrong), you have 20001 unit of sleep for thread 1 and same for thread 2. So you are executing thread 1 completely  then notify and thread 2 is executed and after 50001 unit (master sleep) you came out.

Your threads are executed one after another which seems to be the intention of the program. Please correct me if I am wrong.

1 Answer

0 votes

1) In Java programming start from Main by creating Main Thread.
2) Main Thread creating two thread a1 and a2.
3) a1.start(); Statement invoked run method for thread a1 and make it sleep for 2000ms
4) a2.start(); Statement invoked run method for thread a2 and make it sleep for 2000ms
5) As of now Thread a1 and a2 are in sleep. Main Thread invokes and execute a line new ThreadB().m1(); and calls method m1()
Note: In synchronized block only one thread can execute.
6) Initially size of list1 and list2 is zero so it print size as 0 and add 'hello' to list1 then it print size as 1 and make Main thread sleep for 5000ms.
7) In between Thread a1 invokes first and print size of list1 as 2 (Main thread already added in List1) and list2 as 1.
8) Then Thread a2 invokes and print size of list1 as 3 and list2 as 2.
9) Later Main Thread again invokes and print 'Oh mY God'.

answer Dec 22, 2014 by Karthick.c
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