An Assembly Manifest is a file that containing Metadata about .NET Assemblies. Assembly Manifest contains a collection of data that describes how the elements in the assembly relate to each other. It describes the relationship and dependencies of the components in the Assembly, versioning information, scope information and the security permissions required by the Assembly.
The Assembly Manifest can be stored in Portable Executable (PE) file with Microsoft Intermediate Language (MSIL) code. You can add or change some information in the Assembly Manifest by using assembly attributes in your code. The Assembly Manifest can be stored in either a PE file (an .exe or .dll) with Microsoft Intermediate Language (MSIL) code or in a standalone PE file that contains only assembly manifest information. Using ILDasm, you can view the manifest information for any managed DLL.