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What are partial, alternate, artificial, compound and natural key ?

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What are partial, alternate, artificial, compound and natural key ?
posted Feb 1, 2014 by Gaurav Sharma

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1 Answer

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  1. Partial Key: It is a set of attributes that can uniquely identify weak entities and that are related to same owner entity. It is sometime called as Discriminator.
  2. Alternate Key: All Candidate Keys excluding the Primary Key are known as Alternate Keys.
  3. Artificial Key: If no obvious key, either stand alone or compound is available, then the last resort is to simply create a key, by assigning a unique number to each record or occurrence. Then this is known as developing an artificial key.
  4. Compound Key: If no single data element uniquely identifies occurrences within a construct, then combining multiple elements to create a unique identifier for the construct is known as creating a compound key.
  5. Natural Key: When one of the data elements stored within a construct is utilized as the primary key, then it is called the natural key.
answer Feb 2, 2014 by Vikas Upadhyay
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