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What is normalization in database ?

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What is normalization in database ?
posted Jan 29, 2014 by anonymous

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3 Answers

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Database normalization is the process of organizing the fields and tables of a relational database to minimize redundancy and dependency. Normalization usually involves dividing large tables into smaller (and less redundant) tables and defining relationships between them. The objective is to isolate data so that additions, deletions, and modifications of a field can be made in just one table and then propagated through the rest of the database using the defined relationships.

However normlization or use of RDMS is not very useful specially if you are dealing with a large data that is the reason why NoSQL concept (NoSQL databases are often highly optimized key–value stores intended primarily for simple retrieval and appending operations, whereas an RDBMS is intended as a general purpose data store) is evolved.

answer Jan 29, 2014 by Salil Agrawal
0 votes

It is a process of analysing the given relation schemas based on their Functional Dependencies (FDs) and primary key to achieve the properties
(1).Minimizing redundancy,
(2). Minimizing insertion, deletion and update anomalies.

answer Feb 1, 2014 by Vikas Upadhyay
0 votes

Normalization is the process of organizing data in a database. This includes creating tables and establishing relationships between those tables according to rules designed both to protect the data and to make the database more flexible by eliminating redundancy and inconsistent dependency.

Redundant data wastes disk space and creates maintenance problems. If data that exists in more than one place must be changed, the data must be changed in exactly the same way in all locations. A customer address change is much easier to implement if that data is stored only in the Customers table and nowhere else in the database.

answer Feb 1, 2014 by Anuj Yadav
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