HI, It is sql statement which is used for perform specific operation.
DDL(Data Definition Language) : DDL or Data Definition Language actually consists of the SQL commands that can be used to define the database schema. It is used to create and modify the structure of database objects in the database.
Create - is used to create the database or its objects (like table, index, function, views, store procedure and triggers).
Alter - is used to alter the structure of the database.
Drop - is used to delete objects from the database.
Rename -is used to rename an object existing in the database.
Truncate - is used to remove all records from a table, including all spaces allocated for the records are removed.
Comment - is used to add comments to the data dictionary.
DML(Data Manipulation Language) :The SQL commands that deals with the manipulation of data present in the database belong to DML or Data Manipulation Language and this includes most of the SQL statements.
Insert – is used to insert data into a table.
Update – is used to update existing data within a table.
Delete – is used to delete records from a database table.