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Why structure padding is done with 4 bytes irrespective to the 32bit or 64bit system?

+6 votes
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Structure padding is useful for increasing processing speed for input/output, correct?
My question is i have tested structure padding on 32 and 64 bit system but both the place padding is done to achieve 4 Bytes jump, So why not 8 byte for 64 Bit system?

posted Apr 26, 2016 by Chirag Gangdev

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1 Answer

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Best answer

Thats not correct, most of C compilers have alignment requirement to every structure as largest member of the structure if it is more then int. i.e. if structure has members as char, int then alignment is 32 bits and if structure has members as char, int, double then alignment is 64bits on 64bit machine (32 on 32 bit machine).

For example try the following structure on 64bit machine

Struct_t 
{
 char a,
 double b,
 int c
};

struct_t needs sizeof(char) + 7 byte padding + sizeof(double) + sizeof(int) = 1 + 7 + 8 + 4 = 20 bytes. However, the sizeof(struct_t) will be 24 bytes.

answer Apr 26, 2016 by Salil Agrawal
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