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What are the difference between Hash Map and Hash Table in Java?

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What are the difference between Hash Map and Hash Table in Java?
posted Mar 28, 2016 by Mukul Chag

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1 Answer

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Difference between HashMap and HashTable

  1. Synchronization or Thread Safe : This is the most important difference between two . HashMap is non synchronized and not thread safe.On the other hand, HashTable is thread safe and synchronized.
    When to use HashMap ? answer is if your application do not require any multi-threading task, in other words hashmap is better for non-threading applications. HashTable should be used in multithreading applications.

  2. Null keys and null values : Hashmap allows one null key and any number of null values, while Hashtable do not allow null keys and null values in the HashTable object.

  3. Iterating the values: Hashmap object values are iterated by using iterator .HashTable is the only class other than vector which uses enumerator to iterate the values of HashTable object.

  4. Fail-fast iterator : The iterator in Hashmap is fail-fast iterator while the enumerator for Hashtable is not.
    According to Oracle Docs, if the Hashtable is structurally modified at any time after the iterator is created in any way except the iterator's own remove method , then the iterator will throw ConcurrentModification Exception.
    Structural modification means adding or removing elements from the Collection object (here hashmap or hashtable) . Thus the enumerations returned by the Hashtable keys and elements methods are not fail fast.We have already explained the difference between iterator and enumeration.

  5. Performance : Hashmap is much faster and uses less memory than Hashtable as former is unsynchronized . Unsynchronized objects are often much better in performance in compare to synchronized object like Hashtable in single threaded environment.

  6. Superclass and Legacy : Hashtable is a subclass of Dictionary class which is now obsolete in Jdk 1.7 ,so ,it is not used anymore. It is better off externally synchronizing a HashMap or using a ConcurrentMap implementation (e.g ConcurrentHashMap).HashMap is the subclass of the AbstractMap class. Although Hashtable and HashMap has different superclasses but they both are implementations of the "Map" abstract data type.

answer Mar 28, 2016 by Karthick.c
6 difference great sharing. Thanks
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This was asked today in interview any pointer.

"Design a unique hash function for every tweet in Twitter"

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I'm looking for a hash function and a related function or operator such that:

 H(string1 . string2) = f(H(string1), H(string2))
 H(string1 . string2) = H(string1) op H(string2)

 H() is the hash function    
 string1 is a string
 string2 is a string    
 . is the string concatenation operator 
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 op is a binary operator

Any suggestions?

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