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Write a function to find the depth of a binary tree? Please give sample code?

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Write a function to find the depth of a binary tree? Please give sample code?
posted Nov 23, 2015 by Mohammed Hussain

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2 Answers

+2 votes
 
Best answer

Recursively calculate height of left and right subtrees of a node and assign height to the node as max of the heights of two children plus 1. See below pseudo code and program for details.

Algorithm:

maxDepth()
1. If tree is empty then return 0
2. Else
     (a) Get the max depth of left subtree recursively  i.e., 
          call maxDepth( tree->left-subtree)
     (a) Get the max depth of right subtree recursively  i.e., 
          call maxDepth( tree->right-subtree)
     (c) Get the max of max depths of left and right 
          subtrees and add 1 to it for the current node.
         max_depth = max(max dept of left subtree,  
                             max depth of right subtree) 
                             + 1
     (d) Return max_depth

See the below diagram for more clarity about execution of the recursive function maxDepth() for above example tree.

 maxDepth('1') = max(maxDepth('2'), maxDepth('3')) + 1
                           = 2 + 1
                              /    \
                            /         \
                          /             \
                        /                 \
                      /                     \
           maxDepth('1')                  maxDepth('3') = 1

= max(maxDepth('4'), maxDepth('5')) + 1
= 1 + 1   = 2         
                   /    \
                 /        \
               /            \
             /                \
           /                    \
 maxDepth('4') = 1     maxDepth('5') = 1

Implementation:

#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h> 

/* A binary tree node has data, pointer to left child 
   and a pointer to right child */
struct node 
{
    int data;
    struct node* left;
    struct node* right;
};

/* Compute the "maxDepth" of a tree -- the number of 
    nodes along the longest path from the root node 
    down to the farthest leaf node.*/
int maxDepth(struct node* node) 
{
   if (node==NULL) 
       return 0;
   else
   {
       /* compute the depth of each subtree */
       int lDepth = maxDepth(node->left);
       int rDepth = maxDepth(node->right);

       /* use the larger one */
       if (lDepth > rDepth) 
           return(lDepth+1);
       else return(rDepth+1);
   }
} 

/* Helper function that allocates a new node with the
   given data and NULL left and right pointers. */
struct node* newNode(int data) 
{
    struct node* node = (struct node*)
                                malloc(sizeof(struct node));
    node->data = data;
    node->left = NULL;
    node->right = NULL;

    return(node);
}

int main()
{
    struct node *root = newNode(1);

    root->left = newNode(2);
    root->right = newNode(3);
    root->left->left = newNode(4);
    root->left->right = newNode(5); 

    printf("Hight of tree is %d", maxDepth(root));

    getchar();
    return 0;
}
answer Nov 23, 2015 by Shivaranjini
0 votes

Program to find depth of Binary Tree

#include<stdio.h>
#include<stdlib.h>

/* A binary tree node has data, pointer to left child and a pointer to right child */
struct node 
{
    int data;
    struct node* left;
    struct node* right;
};

/* Compute the "maxDepth" of a tree -- the number of 
    nodes along the longest path from the root node 
    down to the farthest leaf node.*/
int maxDepth(struct node* node) 
{
   if (node==NULL) 
       return 0;
   else
   {
       /* compute the depth of each subtree */
       int lDepth = maxDepth(node->left);
       int rDepth = maxDepth(node->right);

       /* use the larger one */
       if (lDepth > rDepth) 
           return(lDepth+1);
       else return(rDepth+1);
   }
} 

/* Helper function that allocates a new node with the
   given data and NULL left and right pointers. */
struct node* newNode(int data) 
{
    struct node* node = (struct node*) malloc(sizeof(struct node));
    node->data = data;
    node->left = NULL;
    node->right = NULL;

    return(node);
}

int main()
{
    struct node *root = newNode(1);

    root->left = newNode(2);
    root->right = newNode(3);
    root->left->left = newNode(4);
    root->left->right = newNode(5); 

    printf("Hight of tree is %d", maxDepth(root));

    getchar();
    return 0;
}
answer Dec 7, 2015 by Rajan Paswan
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