   How many chickens does farmer Mohammed have?

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Farmer Mohammed has a chicken farm. On a certain day, Mohammed calculates in how many days he will run out of chicken-food. He notices that if he would sell 75 of his chickens, he could feed the remaining chickens twenty days longer with the chicken-food he has, and that if he would buy 100 extra chickens, he would run out of chicken-food fifteen days earlier. posted Apr 30, 2014

Let n be the number of chickens and let d be the number of days in which Mohammed will run out of chicken-food with this number of chickens. The total amount of chicken-food always equals the number of chickens multiplied by the number of days the food lasts. Therefore, the total amount of chicken-food equals n × d.

If Mohammed would sell 75 of his chickens, he could feed the remaining chickens twenty days longer, so the total amount of chicken-food would then equal

( n - 75 ) × ( d + 20 ).
But the total amount of chicken-food does not change, so

( n - 75 ) × ( d + 20 ) = n × d
which can be rewritten to equation 1:

d = 4/15 × n - 20.
If Mohammed would buy 100 extra chickens, he would run out of chicken-food fifteen days earlier, so the total amount of chicken-food would then equal

( n + 100 ) × ( d - 15 ).
But the total amount of chicken-food does not change, so

( n + 100 ) × ( d - 15 ) = n × d
which can be rewritten to equation 2:

d = 3/20 × n + 15.
Combining equations 1 and 2 gives:

4/15 × n - 20 = 3/20 × n + 15.
Solving this equations gives n = 300, so farmer Mohammed has 300 chickens. answer May 7, 2014

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