Goddess of Beauty - Aphrodite
Goddess of beauty, love, desire, and pleasure. Although married to Hephaestus she had many lovers, most notably Ares, Adonis, and Anchises.
- Her symbols include roses and other flowers, the scallop shell, and the myrtle wreath.
- Her sacred animals include doves and sparrows.
- Her Roman counterpart is Venus.
God of Knowledge - Apollo
God of music, arts, knowledge, healing, plague, prophecy, poetry, manly beauty, and archery.
- He is the son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin brother of Artemis.
- His attributes include the laurel wreath and lyre. His sacred animals include roe deer, swans, cicadas, hawks, ravens, crows, foxes, mice, and snakes.
- His Roman counterpart is also named Apollo.
God of war - Ares
God of war, bloodshed, and violence.
- The son of Zeus and Hera,
- Ares is known for cuckolding his brother Hephaestus and conducting an affair with Aphrodite.
- His sacred animals include vultures, venomous snakes, dogs, and boars.
- His Roman counterpart Mars by contrast was regarded as the dignified ancestor of the Roman people.
Goddess of hunt - Artemis
Virgin goddess of wilderness, animals, young girls, childbirth, and plague.
- She is the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and twin sister of Apollo.
- Her attributes include hunting spears, animal pelts, deer and other wild animals.
- Her sacred animals include deer, bears, and wild boars.
- Her Roman counterpart is Diana.
Goddess of peace - Athena
Goddess of reason, wisdom, intelligence, skill, peace, warfare, battle strategy, and handicrafts.
- Her symbol is the olive tree.
- She is commonly shown as being accompanied by her sacred animal, the owl.
- Her Roman counterpart is Minerva.
Goddess of harvest - Demeter
Goddess of grain, agriculture, harvest, growth, and nourishment.
- Demeter is a daughter of Cronus and Rhea, and a sister of Zeus, by whom she bore Persephone.
- She is depicted as a mature woman, often crowned and holding sheafs of wheat and a torch.
- Her symbols are the cornucopia, wheat-ears, the winged serpent, and the lotus staff.
- Her sacred animals include pigs and snakes. Her Roman counterpart is Ceres.
God of ecstasy - Dionysus
God of wine, fruitfulness, parties, festivals, madness, chaos, drunkenness, vegetation, and ecstasy.
- His attributes include the thyrsus, a drinking cup, the grape vine, and a crown of ivy.
- His sacred animals include dolphins, serpents, tigers, and donkeys.
- Bacchus was another name for him in Greek, and came into common usage among the Romans.
God of the underworld - Hades
God of the underworld and the dead.
- His attributes are the drinking horn or cornucopia, key, sceptre, and the three-headed dog Cerberus.
- His sacred animals include the screech owl. He was one of three sons of Cronus and Rhea.
- Pluto ("the Rich") was his preferred name, with Hades referring to the underworld itself.
- The Romans translated Plouton as Dis Pater ("the Rich Father") or Pluto.
God of fire - Hephaestus
Goddess of marriage , metalworking, and crafts.
- Either the son of Zeus and Hera or Hera alone.
- He is the smith of the gods and the husband of the adulterous Aphrodite.
- His sacred animals include the donkey, the guard dog, and the crane.
- His Roman counterpart Vulcan was feared for his destructive potential and associated with the volcanic power of the earth.
Queen of the gods - Hera
Goddess of marriage, women, childbirth, heirs, kings, and empires.
- She is the wife and sister of Zeus, and the daughter of Cronus and Rhea.
- Her sacred animals include the heifer, the peacock, and the cuckoo.
- Her Roman counterpart is Juno.
God of language - Hermes
God of boundaries, travel, communication, trade, language, and writing.
- The son of Zeus and Maia, Hermes.
- His attributes include the herald's wand or caduceus, winged sandals, and a traveler's cap.
- His sacred animals include the tortoise.
- His Roman counterpart is Mercury.
Goddess of the hearth - Hestia
Virgin goddess of the hearth, home, and chastity.
- She is a daughter of Rhea and Cronus, and a sister of Zeus.
- Her symbols are the hearth and kettle.
- Her Roman counterpart Vesta, however, was a major deity of the Roman state.
God of the sea - Poseidon
God of the sea, rivers, floods, droughts, and earthquakes.
- He is a son of Cronus and Rhea, and the brother of Zeus and Hades.
- He rules one of the three realms of the universe, as king of the sea and the waters.
- His sacred animals include the horse and the dolphin.
- His Roman counterpart is Neptune.
King of the gods - Zeus
Ruler of Mount Olympus, and god of the sky, weather, thunder, lightning, law, order, and justice.
- He is the youngest son of Cronus and Rhea.
- His sacred animals include the eagle and the bull.
- His Roman counterpart is Jupiter, also known as Jove.