Henry Fischel was the first person who invented the "EXAMS". He has spoilt the fun of our life :)
The first country to implement a nationwide standardized test was ancient China. Called as the imperial examination, established by the Sui Dynasty in 605 AD, it was meant to selectable candidates for specific governmental positions. This system was abolished by the Qing Dynasty 1300 years later in 1905, but England adopted this examination system in 1806 for Her Majesty's Civil Services, and was later applied to education, which further influenced other parts of the world gradually. This is how the concept of examinations for students developed.