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About Youth Icon Swami Vivekananda.

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Swami Vivekananda  (January 12, 1863–July 4, 1902) was the chief disciple of the Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa. At birth, he was called Narendranath Datta  He was the founder of Ramakrishna Mission. He introduced Hindu philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga in Europe and America. He brought Hinduism to the status of a major world religion during the end of the 19th century. Vivekananda is considered to be a major force in the revival of Hinduism in modern India. He is perhaps best known for his inspiring speech beginning with "Sisters and Brothers of America". Through this he introduced Hinduism at the Parliament of the World's Religions at Chicago in 1893.

Religion Hindu
Date of birth 12 January 1863
Place of birth Calcutta, Bengal Presidency,British  India
Birth name Narendranath Datta
Date of death  4 July 1902 (aged 39)
Place of death Belur Math near Kolkata(Calcutta)
Guru/teacher Ramakrishna Paramahamsa
Philosophy Vedanta
 Yoga
Known for Speech at the Parliament of  Religions, Chicago
Quotation Come up, O lions, and shake off the delusion that you are sheep; you are souls immortal, spirits free, blest and eternal; ye are not matter, ye are not bodies; matter is your servant, not you the servant of matter.

Childhood

Swami Vivekananda was born in Shimla Pally in Calcutta on 12 January 1863. He was named Narendranath Datta. His father Vishwanath Datta was an attorney of Calcutta High Court. His mother was Bhuvaneshwari Devi. Narendranath's thinking and personality were influenced by his parents—the father by his rational mind and the mother by her religious temperament. From his mother he learnt the power of self-control. Young Naren was an expert in meditation and could enter the state of samadhi very easily. He saw a light while falling asleep. Once he had a vision of Buddha during his meditation. During his childhood, he had a great fascination for wandering ascetics and monks. He was also an expert in games and naughty things. Even in his young age he showed remarkable leadership qualities. His childhood friend was Kamal Reddy.

Youth

In his youth he visited the Brahmo Samaj and later he came in contact with Sri Ramakrishna. Sri Ramakrishna initiated him, and after his death Naren left his house. He took the monk-name of Swami Vivekananda and stayed at the Boranagar Monastfery with his monk-brothers. Later he set out for touring India. He wandered from place to place until he reached Trivandum and decided to attend the Parliament of Religions at Chicago. He delivered the great speech at Chicago and brought Hinduism to the status of a major religion.

Foundation of Ramakrishna Mission

Vivekananda became very popular after delivering lectures at many places of America and England. He came back to India and founded the Ramakrishna Maths and Mission in 1897. He also founded the Advaita Ashrama in Mayavati, near Almora on March 19, 1899. The Ashrama was a branch of the Ramakrishna Math. He composed the famous arati song, Khandana Bhava Bandhana

Last Days

`In 4,July 1902 he woke up in the early morning, went to the chapel at Belur Math and meditated for three hours. He taught Shukla-Yajur-Veda, Sanskrit grammar and the philosophy of yoga to pupils, later discussing with colleagues a planned Vedic college in the Ramakrishna Math. At seven p.m. Vivekananda went to his room, asking not to be disturbed; he died at 9:10 p.m. while meditating.

Famous Quotes

  • You cannot believe in god until you believe in yourself.
  • Each soul is potentially great.
  • The goal is to manifest this Divinity within by controlling nature, external and internal.
  • Do this either by work, or worship, or psychic control, or philosophy—by one, or more, or all of these—and be free.
  • This is the whole of religion. Doctrines, or dogmas, or rituals, or books, or temples, or forms, are but secondary details.
  • So long as even a single dog in my country is without food my whole religion is to feed it and serve it, anything excluding that is unreligious.
  • Arise, awake and stop not till the goal is reached.
  • Education is the manifestation of perfection already in man.
  • Religion is the manifestation of divinity already in man.
  • Serving man is serving God.
  • Awake,arise,work.
  • to stir up the religious awareness of the masses and generate pride in their legacy.
  • to amalgamate Hinduism by highlighting the common bases of its sects.
  • to focus the attention of educated people on the plight of the oppressed masses, and to elaborate his plans for their uplift by applying the principles of Practical Vedanta.
  • Strength is life, Weakness is death.
  • The brain and muscles must develop simultaneously. Iron nerves with an intelligent brain—and the whole world is at your feet.

Works

Vivekananda's wrote books on the four Yogas (Raja Yoga, Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga and Jnana Yoga) are still seen as fundamental texts for anyone interested in the Hindu practice of Yoga. His letters are of great literary and spiritual value. He was also considered a very good singer and a poet. By the time of his death, He had composed many songs including his favorite song "Kali-The Mother". He used humor for his teachings and was also an excellent cook. His language is very free flowing. These all works were compiled to form a 10 volume set "The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda".

posted Jun 27, 2016 by Jdk

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Related Articles

Swami Vivekanand was born in Calcutta on 12 January 1863 to a lawyer family. He was called Narendranath in his childhood. He was brilliant in his studies from his childhood. He was disciple of Guru Ramkrishna Paramhansa. He had a significant role in the spread of Hinduism and Hindu culture worldwide. His speech at the Parliament of Religions in Chicago on Hinduism had stunned the entire audience. Vivekanand advocated that man of all religions must assimilate the spirit of others and yet preserve his own individuality and grow according to his own law of growth. He established the Ramkrishna Mission with an objective to refine and spread Hindu culture. Through this mission the weaknesses of Hindu religion were severely criticized. He even travelled the entire country on foot for his objective. On 4 July 1902 he met his death.

 

Inspiring and motivational quotes of  By Swami Vivekanand.

  1. Purity, perseverance, and energy— these three I want.
  2. Purity, patience and perseverance overcome all obstacles. All great things must of necessity be slow.
  3. Say, "I can do everything" "Even if poison of a snake is powerless if you can firmly deny it." 
  4. Say, "This misery that I am suffering is of my own doing, and that very thing proves that it will have to be undone by me alone."
  5. Take courage and work on. Patience and steady work— this is the only way.
  6. Take up one idea. Make that one idea your life - think of it, dream of it, live on that idea. Let the brain, muscles, nerves, every part of your body, be full of that idea, and just leave every other idea alone. This is the way to success, that is way great spiritual giants are produced.
  7. "The earth is enjoyed by heroes"— this is the unfailing truth. Be a hero. Always say, "I have no fear".
  8. The remedy for weakness is not brooding over weakness, but thinking of strength.
  9.  Anything that makes you weak physically, intellectually and spiritually, reject as poison.
  10. Talk to yourself at  least  once in a Day. Otherwise you may miss a meeting with an  EXCELLENT person in this World.
  11. Relationships are more important than life , but it is important for those relationships to have life in them.
  12.  You have to grow from the inside out. None can teach you, none can make you spiritual. There is no other teacher but your own soul.
  13. Like me or Hate me,
    both are in my favor,
    If you like me I am in your Heart,
    If you hate me I am in your mind. –
  14. BY the study of different religions we find that in essence they are one. -
  15.  Where can we go to find God if we cannot see Him in our own hearts and in every living being.
  16. Fill the brain with high thoughts, highest ideals place them day and night before you and out of that  will come great work.
  17. Where can we go to find God if we cannot see Him in our own hearts and in every living being.
  18.  You have to grow from the inside out. None can teach you, none can make you spiritual. There is no other teacher but your own soul.
  19. This is the great fact: strength is life, weakness is death. Strength is felicity, life eternal, immortal; weakness is constant strain and misery: weakness is death. 
  20. To succeed, you must have tremendous perseverance, tremendous will. 'I will drink the ocean', says the persevering soul, 'at my will mountains will crumble up.' Have that sort of energy, that sort of will, work hard, and you will reach the goal. 
  21. Truth can be stated in a thousand different ways, yet each one can be true. 
  22. We are responsible for what we are, and whatever we wish ourselves to be, we have the power to make ourselves. If what we are now has been the result of our own past actions, it certainly follows that whatever we wish to be in future can be produced by our present actions; so we have to know how to act.
  23. We are what our thoughts have made us; so take care about what you think. Words are secondary. Thoughts live; they travel far.
  24. We reap what we sow. We are the makers of our own fate. None else has the blame, none has the praise.
  25. Whatever you think, that you will be. If you think yourselves weak, weak you will be; if you think yourselves strong, strong you will be; if you think yourselves impure, impure you will be; if you think yourselves pure, pure you will be.
  26. 3 golden words from Swami Vivekananda

  • Who is Helping You, Don’t Forget them.
  • Who is Loving you, Don’t Hate them .
  • Who is Believing you, Don’t Cheat them.
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