Population planning may use one or more of the following practices although there are other methods as well:
Reducing infant mortality so that parents do not increase their family size to ensure at least some survive to adulthood.
Changing status of women causing departure from traditional sexual division of labour.
One-child and Two-child policies, and other policies restricting or discouraging births directly.
Role-Model a Small Family as the Norm,
in india,all mechanisms are need to be run simultaneusly.