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Guru's of Sikh

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There are ten gurus of Sikhs can some one provide name and detail about each one.

posted Oct 24, 2014 by Salil Agrawal

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  1. Guru Nanak Dev: Guru Nanak Dev, first of the 10 gurus, founded the Sikh faith, introducing the concept of one God.Son of: Kalyan Das ji (Mehta Kalu ji), and Mata Tripta ji. Brother of: Bibi Nanaki
    Married to: Sulakhani ji.
    Father to: sons, Siri Chand and Lakhmi Das.

  2. Guru Angad Dev: Guru Angad Dev, second of the 10 gurus, compiled the writings of Nanak Dev, and introduced the Gurmukhi script.Son of: Pheru Mall ji and Mata Daya Kaur (Sabhrai) ji.
    Married to: Mata Khivi ji.
    Father to: sons, Dasu, Datu, and daughters, Amro and Anokhi.

  3. Guru Amar Das, third of the 10 gurus, disavowed caste with the institution of langar, pangat and sangat.
    Son of: Tej Bhan ji and Mata Lakhmi ji.
    Married to: Mansa Devi.
    Father to: sons, Mohan, Mohri, and daughters, Dani and Bhani.
    Birthplace: Basarke (Amritsar) May 5, 1479, (May 23, Nanakshahi)

  4. Guru Raam Das, fourth of the 10 gurus, began the excavation of the sarovar in Amritsar.
    Son of: Hari Das ji Sodhi and Mata Daya Kaur ji.
    Married to: Bibi Bhani ji.
    Father to: sons, Prithi Chand, Maha Dev and Arjun Dev.
    Birthplace: Chuna Mandi (Lahore, Pakistan) September 24, 1534 (October 9, Nanakshahi)
    Became Guru: Goindwal, September 1, 1574

  5. Guru Arjun (Arjan) Dev, fifth of the 10 gurus, erected the Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib) in Amritsar, compiled and contributed to Adi Granth, 1604.
    Son of: Guru Raam das and Ji Mata Bhani ji.
    Married to: Raam Devi (issueless), Ganga ji.
    Father to: one son, Har Govind.

  6. Guru Har Govind (Hargobind), sixth of the 10 gurus, constructed the Akal Takhat. He raised an army and wore two swords symbolizing secular and spiritual authority. The Mughal emperor Jahangir imprisoned the guru who negotiated release for whomever could hold on to his robe.
    Son of: Guru Arjun and Mata Ganga.
    Married to: Damodri ji, Nankee ji and Maha Devi ji.
    Father to: Sons, Gur Ditta, Ani Rai, Suraj Mal, Atal Rai, Teg Mall (Teg Bahadur), and daughter, Bibi Veero

  7. Guru Har Rai, seventh of the 10 gurus, propagated the Sikh faith, maintained a cavalry of 20,000 as his personal guard, and established both a hospital and zoo.
    Son of: Baba Gurditta ji and Mata Nihal Kaur.
    Married to: Sulakhni ji (Kishan Kaur) and Daughters of Daya Ram.
    Father to: sons, Ram Rai and Har Krishan, and daughter Sarup Kaur.

  8. Guru Har Krishan, eighth of the 10 gurus, became guru at the age of five, and is known for his wisdom and compassion.
    Son of Guru Har Rai and Mata Kishan (aka Krishan or Sulakhni) Kaur.
    Birthplace: Kiratpur, July 7, 1656 (July 23, Nanakshahi)
    Became Guru: Kiratpur, June 10, July 7, or October 6 - 7, 1661 (October 20, Nanakshahi)

  9. Guru Teg Bahadar, ninth of the 10 gurus, reluctant to leave meditation and come forward as guru, ultimately sacrificed his life to protect Hindu Pandits from forced conversion to Islam.
    Son of: Guru Har Govind and Mata Nankee ji.
    Married to: Gujri ji.
    Father to: one son, Gobind Singh.

  10. Guru Gobind Singh, tenth of the 10 gurus, created the order of Khalsa. Sacrificed father, mother, sons and his own life to protect Sikhs from forced conversion to Islam. Completed the Granth bestowing upon it title of everlasting Guru.
    Son of Guru Teg Bahadar and Mata Gujri ji.
    Married to Jito ji (Ajit Kaur), Sundri, and Mata Sahib Kaur.
    Father to sons, Ajit Singh, Jujhar Singh, Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh.

answer Nov 23, 2014 by Amit Kumar Pandey