Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 in the town and military cantonment of Mhow in Madhya Pradesh. He was the 14th and last child of Ramji Maloji Sakpal, a ranked army officer at the post of Subedar and Bhimabai Murbadkar Sakpal. Ambedkar was a prolific student, earning a law degree and various doctorates from Columbia University and the London School of Economics, and gained a reputation as a scholar for his research in law, economics and political science.
1. His full name is Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb.
2. He was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement and campaigned against social discrimination against Untouchables.
3. He was Independent India's first law minister and the principal architect of the Constitution of India.
4. His alma mater includes University of Mumbai, Columbia University, University of London & London School of Commerce. Matriculation from Elphinstone College affiliated to the University of Mumbai. Postgraduation in Economics, Columbia University.
5. Ambedkar married twice, first to Ramabai and next to Dr. Sharada Kabir.
6. He is responsible in reducing the Factory working hours from 14 hours to 8 hours.
7. Reserve Bank of India has been adopted based on Ambedkar’s instructions only.
8. He is also known Father of Indian Constitution. Ambedkar has made research on various constitutions which were available at that time. But preparing a Constitution in just under 3 years is a great achievement.
9. Since 1948, Ambedkar suffered from diabetes. He was bed-ridden from June to October in 1954 due to medication side-effects and poor eyesight. Ambedkar died in his sleep on 6 December 1956 at his home in Delhi.
10. In 1990, the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, was posthumously conferred upon Ambedkar. Ambedkar's legacy includes numerous memorials and depictions in popular culture.