Festivals are meant to bring togetherness among the family, friends and people. The numerous and varied festivals that are held throughout the year offer a unique way of seeing Indian culture at its best. Kumbh Mela is one of the most religious festivals of India.
1. Kumbh Mela is a traditional mela which occurs in Hindu Dharma. Large number of Hindu pilgrimages of faith gathers to bathe in a sacred river. It is the world’s largest religious gathering. This festival is one of the largest peaceful gathering in the world, and considered as the “world’s largest group of religious pilgrims”.
2. Kumbh Mela is held in every third year at four different places. The occurrence of this mela differs from place to place in every third year by rotation. Allahabad, Haridwar, Nasik and Ujjain are the four religious regions where Kumbh Mela is held.
3. According to medieval Hindu theology, its origin is found in one of the most popular medieval puranas, the Bhagavata Purana. The Samudra manthan episode (Churning of the ocean of milk), is mentioned in the Bhagavata Purana, Vishnu Purana, the Mahabharata, and the Ramayana.
4. The main festival site is located on the banks of a river: the Ganges (Ganga) at Haridwar; the confluence (Sangam) of the Ganges and the Yamuna and the mythical Sarasvati at Allahabad; the Godavari at Nashik; and the Shipra at Ujjain.
5. The first written evidence of the Kumbha Mela can be found in the accounts of Chinese monk Xuanzang (alternately Hsuan Tsang) who visited India in 629-645 CE, during the reign of King Harshavardhana.
6. Naga Sadhus are a particular group of Shaivite saints who reside in the Himalayan Caves and come to visit the civilization only during the Kumbh Mela. This is the only event when these ascetic saints can be seen amongst the general Indian population. The Naga Sadhus have unique characteristic features drawing inspiration from the famous Hindu god Shiva.
7. There are Maha Kumbh Mela, Purna Kumbh Mela and Ardh Kumbh Mela. Ardh Kumbh Mela is held every six years at Haridwar and Allahabad, in between two Purna Kumbh Melas which is held after every 12 years.
8. Kumbh Mela occurs after every three years. Decision of Kumbh Mela is taken by the Vyas family of hindu dharma.
9. Kumbh The celebration of Kumbh Mela takes place at the four sacred places as per the position of Sun and Jupiter in different zodiac signs. Poorna Kumbh is held at Ujjain once in every 12 years when the zodiac sign Scorpio (Vrishchik Rashi) indicates the presence of Jupiter and Sun.
10. Kumbh Mela is considered as the largest gathering in the whole world which shows the spirit of unity in Hindu religion. In fact, the crowd which gathered at Kumbh Mela can be seen from the space. Some images of this mela has also been taken from space.
11. Water being the fastest and quickest element to be energized, this Cosmic Energy spreads in these Holy Waters to a radius of 45kms. Within this orbit of these 45kms of the invisible bubbling source of the highest Cosmic Energy – lies the secret to human redemption, salvation and immortality.