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India's 7 Paramilitary Forces and their Roles

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There are many people who are not aware of the forces which guards our borders so its our duty to make them aware of this forces and what are the duties they do for us. Over 10,00,000 personnel serve in seven paramilitary, namely -->


1. Assam Rifles (AR)
Established in 1835, Assam Rifles is the oldest of all paramilitary forces. 

There are currently 46 battalions of AR under the Ministry of Home Affairs.
The present day Assam Rifles can trace its origins back to a paramilitary force known as Cachar Levy which was established by the British in 1835 in the Assam region. 

Since 2002, they are also guarding the 1,643 km long Indo-Myanmar border.

2. Border Security Force (BSF)

BSF It is one of the five Central Armed Police Forces of the Union of India, it was raised in 1965 Indo-Pakistan war on 1 December 1965

It is headed by an officer from the Indian Police Service.
They are also called as the 'First Wall of Defence of Indian Territories'.

3. Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
CISF established in 15 June 1983. CISF's job is provide security to Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs).

Currently they provide security cover to 300 industrial units.

They protect the currency note presses producing Indian currency.

 It is the largest industrial security force in the world and has 165,000 personnel.

4. Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
After Indian Independence CRPF came into existence on 28 December 1949.
CRPF task list are to Countering naxal operations, assisting the State and Union Territories in police operations.

The CRPF guarded the India-Pakistan Border until 1965, after which the BSF was created.

 In 2001 Parliament attack too, it was the CRPF troops that killed the 5 terrorists who entered the premises. Indian should feel proud to saving their back.

5. Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
ITBP raised on 24 October 1962, after the 1962 Indo-China war, under the CRPF Act. 

It detects and vigils the northern borders and helps the locals feel secure.
The force also keeps a check on illegal immigration and trans-border smuggling. 

They guard the Indo-Tiber border and the mountainous regions of the Indo-China border.
ITBP's major training centre is located at Mussoorie, in Uttarakhand. 

The ITBP is also trained in disaster management and have been deployed in UN peacekeeping missions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Sierra Leone, Haiti, Western Sahara, Sudan, and Afghanistan.

6. National Security Guard (NSG)
The formation of NSG was raised in 1984, following Operation Blue Star and a consequence of a the assassination of Indira Gandhi. 

It was raised to combat terrorist activities and to ensure the states do not witness any internal disturbances.
The NSG personnel are often referred to in the media as Black Cats.

7. Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)

Established in 1963, the SSB guard the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan borders.

It was formerly known as the Special Service Bureau.
It was only in 2014 that the government approved the recruitment of women as combat officers in SSB.
SSB job is to control anti-national activities and inculcate feelings of national belonging in the border population among others.

posted Mar 25, 2016 by Kavana Gowda

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