Which country became a separate state in 1890 after having been, since 1443, part of Burgundy, Spain, Austria, Belgium and the Netherlands?
Which country, after its Act of Union agreement expired, held a four-day plebiscite in 1944 and became an independent republic on 17 June 1944, with Sveinn Björnsson as the first President?
Which country is now, with the declaration of South Sudan as a separate country in 2011, the second largest country by land area in Africa?
Which country, once part of the Republic of Gran Colombia under Simon Bolivar, became independent in 1830 and annexed the Galapagos Islands in 1832?
Which country became a self-governing state within the British Empire in 1959, declared independence from Britain, joining the Federation of Malaysia in 1963, and left the federation on 9 August 1965?