The USA and South America
The exception is found in Africa. The other species (in the Americas) can be found at altitudes from sea level to 4,200 meters, from rainforests to deserts. Many are epiphytes, some are lithophytes, some are terrestrial; they can be found in the Andean highlands, from northern Chile to Colombia, in the Sechura Desert of coastal Peru, in the cloud forests of Central and South America, in southern United States from southern Virginia to Florida to Texas, and in far southern Arizona. Various organisms take advantage of the pools of water trapped by bromeliads. A study of 209 plants from the Ecuadorian lowlands identified 11,219 animals, representing more than 300 distinct species, many of which are found only on bromeliads.