Space (or Ether) -- Akasha in Sanksrit. From which all things come and to which all things return, present in all things, seen and unseen, and the equivalent of the divine.
Air -- Vayu in Sanskrit. Akasha in motion is Vayu. Responsible for all movement, is most present during the change of the seasons and is the best time to cleanse (Spring and Autumn). In the physical body, Vayu oversees the nervous system and mobility.
Fire -- Tejas in Sanskrit. Tejas is fire. Responsible for all transformation in the entire universe. Tejas is most prevalent in the body in neural synapses, digestion, metabolism and catabolism, heat management and all change from one form to another.
Water -- Jala in Sanskrit. Jala is flow, cohesion, lubrication, covalence and connection. Water is responsible for the initial connection, such as in egg and sperm, thought to emotion, and electron to nucleus. It keeps the fire from getting too hot and incinerating or burning up all that is, and it keeps the earth from becoming rigid and brittle.
Earth -- Prithvi in Sanskrit. Prithvi is responsible for all form in the body. It is the grossest, least subtle, and shows up in all mass in existence. It is the furthest from who we are, as is represented in our physical body: the "modified food body" or Anamaya Kosha.
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