Papaitan is an exotic stew from the mountainous areas of northern Luzon. This Filipino dish is simple to prepare although you'll want to give yourself plenty of time to pre-cook the innards and entrails that go into the stew.
Sliced lime or lime juice
1 pound of goat innards (tripe, liver, kidney, heart, pancreas, intestines)
1 pound of goat tenderloin
4 cloves garlic
1 head of fresh ginger
5 Philippine bird's eye peppers (siling labuyo) also known as finger chilis
1/4 cup of bile
1/4 cup of chopped scallions
Salt and pepper, to taste
Fish sauce, to taste
Step 1: Cut and rinse the internal organ meat. Cut the internal organ meat (tripe, liver, kidney, heart, pancreas) into 1-inch cubes. If you're using goat intestines, carefully slice down the length of the intestines with a sharp knife. Rub down the intestines and innards with lime juice and rinse the innards off with water.
Step 2: Boil the internal organ meat to sterilize it. Place the cubed internal organ meat in a large pot. Cover the meat with cold water so that it's covered. Bring the meat to a boil over high heat. Boil the internal organs for 5 full minutes. Drain the internal organs into a colander in your kitchen sink.
Step 3: Cook the internal organ meat to soften it. Check over the internal organ meat to make sure it's clean. Return the meat to the cooking pot and cover it with fresh cold water. Bring the meat to a boil and continue boiling until it's tender.
Step 4: Sear the goat tenderloin. Cut the goat tenderloin into 1/2-inch cubes. In another large pot, heat 2 tablespoons of oil over medium-high heat. Add the tenderloin and cook it until it browns on all sides. You'll need to stir it frequently so it doesn't stick and burn. Remove the browned tenderloin to a separate bowl.
Step 5: Saute aromatics. The bottom of your pan should still look oily. If not, add another tablespoon of oil to the pan. Peel and thinly slice the fresh ginger, 1 medium onion, and 1 head of garlic. Add this to your pan and cook the aromatics until they're soft and you can smell them. Stir in the pre-cooked internal organs and entrails (intestines, if you're using them).
Step 6: Stir fry and season the papaitan. Stir fry the mixture until a little the meat releases a little moisture. Season the papaitan with salt and pepper to your taste. Let it cook for a few minutes over medium-high and add enough water to cover the papaitan.
Step 7: Simmer the papaitan. Add the seared goat tenderloin to the papaitan and continue to simmer the papaitan until the tenderloin is completely cooked and tender. The papaitan should be covered with water and you'll want to cook it for 2 to 3 hours. Continue to taste and season the papaitan, adding more bile for a more bitter taste.
Step 8: Finish seasoning the papaitan. Split the chili peppers lengthwise and add them to the papaitan. Pour small amounts of bile into the papaitan, tasting after each addition. Add fish sauce to your liking and taste the papaitan again. When you're ready to serve the dish, garnish it with chopped scallions.