Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji. It is taken from the famous novel of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Anandamath
It has an equal status with National Anthem of India i.e. Jana-gana-mana. The first political occasion when it was sung was the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.
Text of Vande Matram