The first paper mill was started in Serampore (West Bengal) in 1812. But this mill did not succeed because of lack of demand for paper. Later on Royal Paper Mills (1867), Upper India Couper Mills (1879), Titaghar Paper Mills (1882), and Deccan Paper Mills (1887) started with a total annual installed capacity of 5,000 tonnes. The industry has grown since then to an estimated paper and newsprint installed capacity of appr. 5.4 million and 1.7 million tonnes respectively in 2000-01.