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Which Sultan of Delhi(India), declared himself as a lieutenant of the Caliph?

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Which Sultan of Delhi(India), declared himself as a lieutenant of the Caliph?
posted Apr 11, 2017 by Aastha Joshi

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lltutmish

In 1228-29, Iltutmish received emissaries from the Abbasid Caliph Al-Mustansir and was presented with the Caliphal robe (khilat) and investiture (manshur) signifying the Caliphate's recognition of Iltutmish's rule over India. Such recognition was highly sought after by the Sunni Muslim rulers of India as it lent religious and political legitimacy and prestige. In Iltutmish's case, in particular, this was a symbolic declaration of the Delhi Sultanate's status as an independent kingdom rather than a client of the Ghurids and earned Iltutmish the title of "Lieutanat" (Naib) or "righthand man" (Yamin) of the Caliph, or Commander of the Faithfull (Amir al-Mu'minin).

answer Apr 11, 2017 by Salil Agrawal
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