The national anthem of India "Jana Gana Mana" was composed by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. The national anthem is composed in high Bengali Sanskrit and is taken from the initial five stanzas of a Brahmo Hymn, which was formed and scored by Rabindranath Tagore himself.
The basic message of Jana Gana Mana is pluralism. The national anthem underlines the significance of India as a differing country. It means that in spite of contrasts in culture, conventions, religion and dialects, India is joined under one banner. The song of praise is noteworthy in joining individuals and advising us that there we stand and stay one under the Indian union.
Let's take a look at 10 Interesting and unknown facts about National Anthem of India:
1. The Indian national anthem, Jana Gana Mana was composed on 11 December 1911.
2. The false myth that Jana Gana Mana was composed and made by Tagore to praise George the Fourth, who visited India in 1911.
3. It was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Calcutta of the Indian National Congress.
4. On 24th January 1950 this song was officially declared as India's national anthem.
5. The musical notations for the English translation of Indian national anthem were set by Margaret, wife of poet James H. Cousins, who was the principal of Besant Theosophical College.
6. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose charged a free interpretation of the national song of praise from Sanskritized Bengali to Urdu-Hindi. The interpretation was composed by Captain Abid Ali, created by Captain Ram Singh Thakur and was called Subah Sukh Chain.
7. There is no provision of law which propels anybody to sing the national anthem. It is not viewed as impolite to the country or to the anthem if a man picks just to stand up in aware quiet.
8. Formal interpretation of the anthem should take 52 seconds by law, and not 54 seconds.
9. Jana Gana Mana, the national anthem of India is set to Raag Alhiya Bilawal.
10. In 2005, many protested and called for deleting the word Sindh and to replace it with the word Kashmir. Contention was that Sindh is presently a part of Kashmir.
Dharam Devdutt Pishorimal Anand, commonly known as Dev Anand, made major contributions to Indian cinema. Regarded as an influential actor, he was a writer, director and a producer. He acted in about 116 films, out of which, 114 were Hindi films and two were English. He was born on this day, September 26, in the year 1923 in the Shakargarh tehsil of the Gurdaspur district in Punjab (present-day Narowal district of Pakistan).
Let's take a look at 13 Interesting and unknown facts about Dev Anand:
1. He was called DD in school
Born Dharam Devdutt Pishorimal Anand, the actor was fondly addressed as DD, an abbreviated version of his first name by his peers in school.
2. Worked as a clerk before movies happened
During his struggling days in Mumbai, Dev Anand worked as a clerk in an accountancy firm for a meager salary of Rs 85 to make ends meet.
3. First leading role in Ziddi
The first time Dev Anand played a leading man was in Ziddi, opposite Kamini Kaushal. The actor got his big break as a hero when introduced thus by Ashok Kumar, already a major star. Kumar had spotted Anand hanging around and handpicked him as hero for the Bombay Talkies film.
4. Dev Anand was asked not to wear black
After Dev Anand's hit Kala Pani, the actor was asked not to wear a black suit in public because women would swoon and jump from buildings seeing him dressed in black.
5. Saved Suraiya from a capsized boat and fell in love
The Dev-Suraiya romance began when shooting the film Vidya. While filming the song Kinare kinare chale jaayenge on a boat, the boat capsized. Living up to his heroic image, Dev rescued her and wanted to marry her.
6. Proposed to Suraiya with a diamond ring worth Rs. 3000
Dev proposed to Suraiya on the sets of the film Jeet with a diamond ring worth Rs 3,000, but Suraiya's maternal grandmother was strongly opposed to the inter-religious romance. As a result Suraiya remained unmarried all her life.
7. Launched Navketan Films in 1949
Dev launched his own company Navketan Films in 1949. By 2011, including Dev's most recent film, Chargesheet, Navketan had produced 35 films.
8. Fell in love with wife Kalpana Karthik while shooting Taxi Driver
Guru Dutt's first film Baazi established the on-screen pair of Dev Anand and Kalpana Karthik, and the two went on to make Aandhiyan, Taxi Driver, House No 44 and Nau Do Gyarah, another succession of hits. The two tell in love while making Taxi Driver and Dev and Kalpana got married.
9. Bought the iconic checkered cap in Denmark
The iconic, checkered print cap worn by Dev Anand in Jewel Thief was purchased from a shop in Copenhagen, Denmark where he was filming Pyar Mohabbat with Saira Bano.
10. Bagged Filmfare best actor award for Kalapani and Guide
It's but natural that a star of Dev Anand's stature won several awards. From Best Actor Filmfare trophies for Kala Pani and Guide to prestigious laurels like Padma Bhushan and Dadasaheb Phalke awards, he bagged them all.
11. Never worked with Amitabh Bachchan
It's startling how Dev Anand has worked with everyone from Dilip Kumar and Ashok Kumar to Mithun Chakraborty and Aamir Khan, all except Amitabh Bachchan, who gained stardom after signing on Prakash Mehra's Zanjeer, originally offered to DA.
12. Worked in a Hollywood film
Not many know Dev Anand worked in a Hollywood film, "The Evil Within" that starred one of his favourite leading ladies Zeenat Aman along with Vietnamese actress Kieu Chinh.
Unconventional looks, no godfather in Bollywood and no story of exponential rise in the industry! It’s Irrfan Khan, the actor, the person and the global Indian. The guy made a name for himself from the ground up, brick by brick. Ask his fans and they would almost certainly try convincing you that in terms of acting talent, this guy is all other Bollywood Khans put together. Perhaps! He certainly is one of The Best actors in the industry. No doubts about that.
Let's take a look at 12 Interesting and unknown facts about Irrfan Khan that will make you admire the actor even more:
1. He became an actor by chance. He wanted to be a cricketer. Parents disapproved of it. As if by stroke of luck, he got a scholarship to attend NSD (National School of Drama). He was pursuing MA in Jaipur at that time. And he lied about having past theater experience to get in. By all means, it was a ‘good lie.’ We only have a handful of real artists like him in Bollywood.
2. He was a final year student at NSD (1988) when Mira Nair chose him for a role in Salaam Bombay.
3. A TV regular from 1994 to 1998, Irrfan was so bored at one point in time that he thought of quitting. It is an award winning movie based on local tribes of Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh.
4. His real name – Sahabzade Irfan Ali Khan. He was born in the village of TONK in Jaipur, in a well off family with royal connections. He has two siblings and his father was a wealthy Zamindar who wanted his son to join the family tyre business. Good that he didn’t.
5. He added an extra ‘R’ to his name – hence the name IRRFAN. And it was not a numerologist who suggested this. Irrfan did it himself.
6. At 6 feet, 1 inch, Irrfan is one of the tallest actors in Bollywood.
7. LunchBox is the only Indian movie to have ever won a TFCA – Toronto Film Critics Association Award. With so much talent he sure has a long way to go.
8. He was offered a big role in Interstellar, but turned it down as he was expected to stay in USA for four months at a stretch.
9. Our home grown Irrfan Khan play the full fledged baddie in the hollywood movie The Amazing Spider-Man in 2012.
10. He has a wish – to gift his mother a suitcase full of money.
11. Julia Roberts stopped outside the Kodak Theater (where the Oscars were being staged) to compliment Irrfan on Slumdog Millionaire.
12. He reads a LOT; almost one new Hollywood script per week to better understand how to play his roles better. Irrfan did about 200 episodes of this TV serial in 1990s.