Gross domestic product (GDP) is the monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period. Though GDP is usually calculated on an annual basis, it can be calculated on a quarterly basis as well.
Key point to calculate GDP
- The following equation is used to calculate the GDP: GDP = C + I + G + (X - M) or GDP = private consumption + gross investment + government investment + government spending + (exports - imports).
- Nominal value changes due to shifts in quantity and price.
- In economics, real value is not influenced by changes in price, it is only impacted by changes in quantity. Real values measure the purchasing power net of any price changes over time.
- Real GDP accounts for inflation and deflation. It transforms the money-value measure, nominal GDP, into an index for quantity of total output.